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Abrahams, Sir Lionel Barnett (1869–1919), economist and civil servant, was born in London on 9 December 1869, the only son of Mordecai Abrahams, secretary to the Initiation Society. Educated at the City of London School and Balliol College, Oxford, where he was an exhibitioner between 1892 and 1896 and won the Arnold historical essay prize in 1894, he headed the ...

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Bauer, Peter Thomas, Baron Bauer (1915–2002), economist, was born on 6 November 1915 in Budapest, the son of Aladár Dezsö Bauer (1883–1944), bookmaker, and his wife, Anna, née Grossmann. He attended the Scholae Piae (a Gymnasium of the Piarist order) and enrolled for a law degree at the ...

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Peter Thomas Bauer, Baron Bauer (1915–2002) by Nick Sinclair, 1992 © Nick Sinclair; photograph National Portrait Gallery, London

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Devons, Ely (1913–1967), statistician and economist, was born in Bangor, north Wales, on 29 July 1913, the second eldest in a family of three boys and three girls of David Isaac Devons, a Jewish minister from Vilna who had arrived in Britain in 1902 on a Russian passport at the age of twenty-one, and his wife, ...

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Frankel, (Sally) Herbert (1903–1996), economist, was born on 22 November 1903 at Carlton Terrace, Johannesburg, Transvaal Colony, the first of three children of Jacob Frankel (1866–1930) and his wife, Mathilde, née Buxbaum (1876–1960). His parents, both Orthodox Jews, were born in Germany; his father emigrated to ...

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Kahn, Richard Ferdinand, Baron Kahn (1905–1989), economist, was born in London on 10 August 1905, the second child and only son of four surviving children (two younger sons died) of Augustus Kahn, inspector of schools, and his wife, Regina Rosa Schoyer, of Germany...

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Richard Ferdinand Kahn, Baron Kahn (1905–1989) by Ramsey & Muspratt photograph reproduced by courtesy of The British Academy

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Levi, Leone (1821–1888), jurist, political economist, and statistician, was born on 6 June 1821 in Ancona, later part of the kingdom of Italy. He came from a middle-class Jewish family. His father, Isaac, and his elder brother were both merchants. Leone received a practical, commercial education and began working for his brother at the age of fifteen. He travelled to ...

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Leone Levi (1821–1888) by Elliott & Fry, 1873 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Lipson, Ephraim (1888–1960), economic historian, was born in Sheffield on 1 September 1888, the son of Hyman Lipson, furniture dealer, and his wife, Eve, daughter of Michael Jacobs. His elder brother, Daniel Leopold Lipson (1886–1963), a schoolmaster, was independent member of parliament for ...

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Maizels, Alfred [Alf] (1917–2006), economist, civil servant, and international civil servant, was born on 17 January 1917 at 100 Newark Street, Whitechapel, London, the third son of Israel Maizels, a master tailor who had immigrated from Poland in 1905, and his wife, Rebecca, ...

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Pinto, Isaac de (1717?–1787), writer on economics, was born probably in the Netherlands at Amsterdam (or perhaps in Bordeaux, France, in 1715) to a Portuguese-Jewish merchant family; his father was David de Pinto, a merchant, his mother Léa, née Ximenes. He married ...

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Posner, Michael Vivian (1931–2006), economist, was born on 25 August 1931 at Queen Charlotte's Hospital, Marylebone Road, London, the son of Jack Posner, millinery manufacturer, and his wife, Lena, née Buck. Bopth his parents were of Jewish descent. He was originally named Vivian Michael...

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Ricardo, David (1772–1823), political economist, was born on 18 April 1772 at 36 Broad Street Buildings in the City of London, the third surviving child of Abraham Israel Ricardo (1733?–1812) and his wife, Abigail Delvalle (1753–1801). Sarah Ricardo Porter was his sister. The ...

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David Ricardo (1772–1823) by Thomas Phillips, exh. RA 1821 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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William Alexander Robson (1895–1980) by Elliott & Fry, 1963 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Robson, William Alexander (1895–1980), jurist and reformer, was born on 14 July 1895 at Finchley, Middlesex, the first son and youngest of three children of Jack Robson, born Jacob Alexander Isaacs, a dealer in pearls in Hatton Garden, and his wife, Esther Louisa Afriat...

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Schloss, David Frederick (1850–1912), economist and civil servant, was born in West Derby, Lancashire, on 5 April 1850, the first son of Sigismund Schloss, merchant, of West Derby, and his wife, Rebecca Mocatta. He was educated at Manchester grammar school before matriculating at ...

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Seldon, Arthur (1916–2005), economist, was born on 29 May 1916 in London's East End, the son of Pinchas Margolis, merchant, and his wife, Masha. He was orphaned at the age of two when his parents, Russian Jewish immigrants, both died in the outbreak of Spanish flu in 1918. He was adopted by a cobbler and his wife, ...

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See Shenfield [née Farrow], Dame Barbara Estelle