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Abrahams, Sir Lionel Barnett (1869–1919), economist and civil servant, was born in London on 9 December 1869, the only son of Mordecai Abrahams, secretary to the Initiation Society. Educated at the City of London School and Balliol College, Oxford, where he was an exhibitioner between 1892 and 1896 and won the Arnold historical essay prize in 1894, he headed the ...

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Alexander, Sir Kenneth John Wilson [Ken] (1922–2001), economist, university administrator, and public servant, was born on 14 March 1922 at 12 Kilmaurs Terrace, Edinburgh, the only son of William Wilson Alexander (1888–1930), lawyer, and his wife, Mary Logan Grahame, née Wilson (1888–1975), tailoress. He won a scholarship to ...

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James Anderson (1739–1808) by Samuel Freeman, pubd 1809 (after J. Anderson) © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Anderson, James (1739–1808), agriculturist and political economist, born at Hermiston, near Edinburgh, inherited the tenancy of a large farm there at the age of fifteen when his parents (whose names are unknown) died. He had already prepared himself for the position by attending ...

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Attwood, Thomas (1783–1856), politician and currency theorist, was born on 6 October 1783 at Hawne House, near Halesowen, Shropshire, the third son and fifth child of Matthias Attwood (1746–1836), banker, and his wife, Ann Adams (1752–1835), the daughter of Thomas Adams of Cakemore...

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Thomas Attwood (1783–1856) by Benjamin Robert Haydon, 1832 Birmingham Library Services, on loan to Birmingham Museums & Art Gallery

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Bagehot, Walter (1826–1877), political commentator, economist, and journalist, was born on 3 February 1826 at Langport, Somerset, the second son of Thomas Watson Bagehot (1795–1881), banker, and Edith Stuckey (1786–1870), a niece of Samuel Stuckey, founder in 1772 of Stuckey's Bank, which issued its own banknotes and enjoyed considerable prominence and respect in the west country. The first born, ...

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Walter Bagehot (1826–1877) by Norman Hirst, pubd 1891 (after Adolphe Beau, 1864) © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Balogh, Thomas, Baron Balogh (1905–1985), political economist, was born in Budapest, Hungary, on 2 November 1905, the elder son and elder child of Emil Balogh, director of the transport board, Budapest, and his wife, Eva, daughter of Professor Bernard Levy, of Berlin and ...

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Sir David Miller Barbour (1841–1928) by Walter Stoneman, 1917 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Barbour, Sir David Miller (1841–1928), administrator in India and writer on monetary issues, was born at Omagh, co. Tyrone, Ireland, on 29 December 1841, the fifth child of Miller Barbour and his wife, Margaret Denny, into an established family of farmers and small landowners at ...

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Barton, John (1789–1852), political economist and botanist, was born on 11 June 1789 in Southwark, London, the son of John Barton (1755–1789) and his second wife, Elizabeth, née Horne (1760–1833). He was the half-brother of Maria Hack, children's writer, and Bernard Barton, poet. The elder ...

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Bellers, John (1654–1725), political economist and cloth merchant, was probably born in Philpot Lane, near Gracechurch Street, London, the eldest of three children of Francis Bellers (1616–1679), merchant and Quaker, and his wife, Mary Read. His father was from Alcester, Warwickshire, and, besides accumulating substantial wealth as a merchant and trader after his migration to ...

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Bethel, Slingsby (bap. 1617, d. 1697), merchant and political economist, was baptized in Alne, in the North Riding of Yorkshire, on 27 February 1617, a younger son of Sir Walter Bethel (d. 1622), gentleman, and Mary Slingsby (1582–1662), daughter of Sir Henry Slingsby...

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Slingsby Bethel (bap. 1617, d. 1697) by William Sherwin, 1680 © Copyright The British Museum

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Birch, (Evelyn) Nigel Chetwode, Baron Rhyl (1906–1981), economist and politician, was born in London on 18 November 1906, one of two sons (there were no daughters) of General Sir (James Frederick) Noel Birch (1865–1939) GBE KCB KCMG and his wife, Florence Hyacinthe (1876–1938)...

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Blackaby, Frank Thomas (1921–2000), economist and peace campaigner, was born on 25 October 1921 at Milton under Wychwood, Gloucestershire, the second child and only son of the Revd Edgar Percival Blackaby (1883–1977) and his wife, Muriel Ruth Hawkins (1884–1977). His parents, both Baptists, met in ...

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Bonar, James (1852–1941), civil servant and economist, was born in the manse at Collace, Perthshire, on 27 September 1852, the elder son and second of the six children of the Revd Andrew Alexander Bonar (1810–1892), a Free Church minister, after whom the politician ...

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Brown, Michael Barratt (1918–2015), economist, educationist, and political activist, was born on 15 March 1918 at Holland House, Woodbrooke, Selly Oak, Birmingham, the eldest of four children of Alfred Barratt Brown (1887–1947), educationist, and his wife (Doris) Eileen, née Cockshott (...

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Burton, John Hill (1809–1881), historian and political economist, was born in the Gallowgate, Aberdeen, on 22 August 1809, the second of six children of William Kinninmont Burton (d. 1819), a lieutenant in the army, and of Elizabeth (d. 1848), daughter of ...