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James Anderson (1738–1809) by Luigi Schiavonetti (after John Smart, 1800) © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Anderson, James (1738–1809), surgeon and horticulturist, was born on 17 January 1738 at Long Hermiston near Edinburgh, the son of Andrew Anderson, a local doctor. He attended the village school at Ratho and studied medicine at the University of Edinburgh. He was a surgeon on an ...

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Kennon, Sidney (d. 1754), midwife and collector, whose family background and education are obscure, distinguished herself initially in her services to the royal family, especially to Queen Caroline and Augusta, princess of Wales. The infant George III was delivered by her. Kennon was highly respected for her professional acumen and, at the time of her death, could command ...

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See Lawrence [née Senior], Louisa

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Maddock, James (1718–1786), nurseryman and florist, was born on 10 August 1718, at Eaton, Cheshire, the son of Mordecai and Sarah Maddock, active members of the Religious Society of Friends. Maddock made his reputation as a nurseryman first in Lancashire, at Warrington, but after a period working in ...

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Mantell, Joshua (1795–1865), surgeon and horticulturist, was born on 3 November 1795 at St Mary's Lane, Lewes, the fourth son of Thomas Mantell (1750–1807), shoemaker, and his wife, Sarah Austen (1755–1828). Though hunchbacked and desultory, Mantell displayed an aptitude for science and eventually gave several public lectures on chemical topics to local audiences. In 1821 he managed a stationer's shop in ...

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Menzies, Archibald (1754–1842), naval surgeon and botanical collector, was born at the house of Styx or Stix, near Aberfeldy, Perthshire, on 15 March 1754, the son of James and Ann Menzies. He had three brothers and four sisters, and was educated at the parish school at ...

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Sloane, Sir Hans, baronet (1660–1753), physician and collector, was born at Killyleagh, co. Down, on 16 April 1660, the seventh son of Alexander Sloane (d. 1666). His father, a protestant, was by profession agent for James Hamilton, second Viscount Claneboye and later earl of Clanbrassill...

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Sir Hans Sloane, baronet (1660–1753) by Stephen Slaughter, 1736 © National Portrait Gallery, London