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Sir Thomas Andrewes (d. 1659) by unknown artist private collection

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Andrewes, Sir Thomas (d. 1659), financier and regicide, was the son of Robert Andrewes of Feltham, Middlesex, a Plymouth adventurer and subscriber to the Massachusetts Bay Company, and his wife, Margaret. He was a member of the Leathersellers' Company (and its master in 1638–9), and from 1631 ran a wholesale linen drapery business at the ...

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Audley, Hugh (bap. 1577, d. 1662), moneylender, was baptized on 13 January 1577 at St Michael, Wood Street, London, the tenth of the eleven children of John Audley (d. 1577?), mercer, and his wife, Maudlin or Margaret (d. 1594), daughter of ...

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Backhouse, Jonathan (1779–1842), banker and financier, was born in Darlington, co. Durham, the eldest son of Jonathan Backhouse (1747–1826), banker, and his wife, Ann (d. 1826), the second daughter of Edward Pease of Darlington. Jonathan senior was the eldest of three sons of ...

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Bailey, Sir Abraham [Abe], first baronet (1864–1940), financier and politician in South Africa, was born at Cradock, Cape Colony, on 6 November 1864, the only son of Thomas Bailey (d. 1905) of Keighley, Yorkshire, a shopkeeper of Queenstown, which he represented in the ...

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Bancroft, Francis (1667–1728), financial agent and benefactor, was born in Spitalfields, London, on 26 October 1667, the second son of John Bancroft (bap. 1614, d. 1705), a City financier who became serjeant-carver to the lord mayor, and his second wife, Rebecka Cole (...

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Banks, Sir John, baronet (bap. 1627, d. 1699), merchant and financier, was baptized at the parish church of All Saints, Maidstone, Kent, on 19 August 1627. He was the eldest in the family of two sons and one daughter of Caleb Banks of ...

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Beit, Sir Otto John, first baronet (1865–1930), financier, philanthropist, and art connoisseur, was born on 7 December 1865 in Hamburg, Germany, twelve years after his brother Alfred Beit. He was the third son of Siegfried Beit (1818–1881), silk merchant, and his wife, Laura Caroline Hahn (...

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Sir Otto John Beit, first baronet (1865–1930) by H. Walter Barnett © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Benfield, Paul (1741–1810), financier in India, was baptized on 25 January 1741 in Cheltenham, Gloucestershire. He was the eldest son of John Benfield (d. in or before 1767), carpenter and joiner, of Cheltenham, and of his wife, Anne, daughter of the Revd Stephen Cull...

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Berry, (Henry) Seymour, Baron Buckland (1877–1928), financier and coal industrialist, was born at 73 Lower Thomas Street, Merthyr Tudful, on 17 September 1877, the eldest of three sons of John Mathias Berry (d. 1917), JP, estate agent and valuer, of Gwaelod-y-garth, Merthyr Tudful...

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Blunt, Sir John, first baronet (bap. 1665, d. 1733), financier and a founder of the South Sea Company, son of Thomas Blunt, a Baptist shoemaker of Rochester, Kent, and Isabella, daughter of Thomas Blacke, yeoman, was baptized at St Nicholas's Church, Rochester, on 24 July 1665. He became free of the ...

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Boyd, Walter (1753–1837), financier, was born on 18 November 1753 in Scotland. He had at least one brother. He was possibly educated in Amsterdam, and he seems to have served an apprenticeship with a merchant house there or in France. From 1774 to 1781 he managed farms in ...

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Brayne, John (c. 1541–1586), grocer and financier, was the eldest child of Thomas Brayne (d. 1562), a tailor (nominally a girdler), and his wife, Alice Barlow (d. 1566), of the parish of St Stephen, Coleman Street, London, who married on 22 January 1541. ...

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Burlamachi, Philip (d. 1644), financier, was born in Sedan, France, of Italian stock. Before settling in London around 1605 he had been active in the Netherlands. He became an English denizen in 1614, and was naturalized by statute in 1624. His marriage to ...

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Cable, Ernest, Baron Cable (1859–1927), financier and industrialist, was born in Calcutta, India, on 1 December 1859, the only son of George Herbert Cable (1823–1876), a superintendent in the Indian customs and excise service, and his wife, Emily Maria née Pickersgill. He was considered too delicate to send to ...

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Cade, William (d. in or before 1166), financier, is first noted in the early 1150s and was dead by 1166, when a note of his debts came to the exchequer. It shows that he was owed approximately £5000 by about 200 individuals. In just a few cases the bonds that lie behind these transactions have survived, and they show how his loans were arranged and secured. ...

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Campbell, Lord Neil, of Ardmaddie (c. 1630–1692), colonial speculator, was the second of six children of Archibald Campbell, marquess of Argyll (1605x7–1661), and his wife, Lady Margaret (1610–1678), second daughter of William Douglas, seventh earl of Morton; his parents lived mainly at Inveraray, Argyll...

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Cassel, Sir Ernest Joseph (1852–1921), merchant banker and financier, was born on 3 March 1852 in Cologne, Germany, the youngest of the three children of Jacob Cassel (1802–1875) and Amalia, née Rosenheim (d. 1874). Jacob Cassel had a small banking business, founded by his father, ...

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Sir Ernest Joseph Cassel (1852–1921) by Anders Leonard Zorn, 1909 © National Portrait Gallery, London