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Sir Thomas Andrewes (d. 1659) by unknown artist private collection

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Andrewes, Sir Thomas (d. 1659), financier and regicide, was the son of Robert Andrewes of Feltham, Middlesex, a Plymouth adventurer and subscriber to the Massachusetts Bay Company, and his wife, Margaret. He was a member of the Leathersellers' Company (and its master in 1638–9), and from 1631 ran a wholesale linen drapery business at the ...

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Bailey, Sir Abraham [Abe], first baronet (1864–1940), financier and politician in South Africa, was born at Cradock, Cape Colony, on 6 November 1864, the only son of Thomas Bailey (d. 1905) of Keighley, Yorkshire, a shopkeeper of Queenstown, which he represented in the ...

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Chamberlain, Sir Thomas (c. 1504–1580), diplomat and financial agent, was the son of William Chamberlain, a London merchant who is probably to be identified with the man of that name who died in 1549 as a parishioner of St Sepulchre without Newgate, and his wife, ...

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Chamier, Anthony (1725–1780), financier and government official, was born on 6 October 1725 and baptized on 19 October 1725 at the French Huguenot chapel in Threadneedle Street, London, the fifth of the nine children of Daniel Chamier (1696–1741), merchant, and Susanne de la Mejanelle (1701/2–1787)...

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Eveske, Elias l' (d. in or after 1259), financier and leader of the Jewish community in England, was the eldest of the several sons of Benedict l'Eveske of London. Born before 1200, he became a prominent figure during the 1220s, and by the 1230s was firmly established as one of the leading members of the ...

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Farquhar [formerly Townsend-Farquhar], Horace Brand, Earl Farquhar (1844–1923), financier and politician, was born at Goldings, near Hertford, on 19 May 1844, the fifth of six sons of Sir Minto Townsend-Farquhar, second baronet (1809–1865), MP for Hertford, and his wife, Erica Mackay, daughter of the ...

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Fowler, William (1828–1905), financier and politician, born at Melksham, Wiltshire, on 28 July 1828, was the fourth son of John Fowler (1792–1861) and his wife, Rebecca Hull (1799–1842), daughter of William and Jenny Hull of Uxbridge. His family were zealous members of the ...

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Fox, Sir Stephen (1627–1716), financier and government official, was born in Farley, Wiltshire, the seventh of ten children of William Fox (d. 1652) and his wife, Margaret Pavey. His parents were of modest wealth and seem to have lived on the lower margins of gentility. ...

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Furnese, Sir Henry, first baronet (1658–1712), politician and financier, was born at Sandwich, Kent, on 30 May 1658, the eldest son of Henry Furnese (d. 1672) of Sandwich and his wife, Anne (d. 1696), the daughter of Andrew Gosfright of Sandwich...

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Goldsmid, Sir Isaac Lyon, first baronet (1778–1859), financier and Jewish communal leader, was born in London on 13 January 1778, the eldest of the six children of Asher Goldsmid, a bullion broker, and his wife, Rachel, née Keyser. Asher's father, Aaron, had settled in ...

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Sir Isaac Lyon Goldsmid, first baronet (1778–1859) by unknown artist Collection University College London; © reserved in the photograph

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Sir James Michael Goldsmith (1933–1997) by Jane Bown © Jane Bown

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Goldsmith, Sir James Michael (1933–1997), financier and politician, was born in Paris on 26 February 1933, the younger son of Francis Benedict Hyam (Frank) Goldsmith, formerly Goldschmidt (1878–1967), hotelier and politician, and his wife, Marcelle, née Mouiller (1903–1985). His elder brother, Edward René David Goldsmith (1928–2009)...

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George Joachim Goschen, first Viscount Goschen (1831–1907) by John Jabez Edwin Mayall © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Goschen, George Joachim, first Viscount Goschen (1831–1907), politician and financier, was born on 10 August 1831 at his father's house in the parish of Stoke Newington, near London, the eldest son and second child in the family of five sons and five daughters of ...

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Goulding, Edward Alfred, Baron Wargrave (1862–1936), politician and financier, was born in Cork on 5 November 1862, the second son in the family of three sons and four daughters of William Goulding (1817–1884), businessman and MP, and his second wife, Maria Heath (...

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Hende, John (d. 1418), royal financier and mayor of London, is of unknown origins, but by 1368 he was active in the drapery trade and had made the first of three prudent marriages. His first wife, Isabella, was the daughter of John Southcote...

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Ingram, Sir Arthur (b. before 1571, d. 1642), financier and politician, was probably born in Fenchurch Street, London, the son of Hugh Ingram, a tallow chandler, and his wife, Anne, the daughter of Richard Goldthorpe, a haberdasher of York. After beginning his career as a factor in ...

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King, John [formerly Jacob Rey] (c. 1753–1823), moneylender and radical, was born in London, the son of Moses Rey, a Jewish street trader of Gibraltarian or north African origin; he was named Jacob. He was educated at the charity school of the Spanish and Portuguese Jews and then, in 1771, apprenticed by the school to a Jewish merchant house in the ...