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Abingdon, Alexander (fl. 1291–1316), sculptor, also known as ‘Imaginator’ or ‘le Imagineur’, is of unknown origins, though it has been conjectured that he trained in the masons' yard of Abingdon Abbey. He was a citizen of London at least from 1305, when his name appears in city records, but he was working in ...

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S. E. Fryer

revised by Anne MacPhee

Acton, John Adams- (1830–1910), sculptor, was born on 11 December 1830 at Acton Hill, Middlesex, one of the two surviving sons and three daughters of William Adams, an artist, and his wife, Helen Elizabeth Humphreys. His sister Clarissa was also an artist, and exhibited at the ...

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John Adams- Acton (1830–1910) by Samuel Alexander Walker, pubd 1893 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Adams, Robert (1917–1984), sculptor and designer, was born on 5 October 1917 at Far Cotton, Northamptonshire, the youngest of the three children of Arthur and Emily Adams. From about 1930 to 1951 he lived in Hardingstone, near Northampton. He left school at the age of fourteen and did manual work but probably between 1937 and 1946 attended evening classes, part-time, in life drawing and painting at the ...

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Armitage, (William) Kenneth (1916–2002), sculptor, was born on 18 July 1916 at 11 Norman Place, Street Lane, Leeds, the only son among the three children of William Richard Armitage, oil merchant's cashier, later company director, and his wife, Lydia Emily, née Quin. Although he was born in ...

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(William) Kenneth Armitage (1916–2002) by Jorge Lewinski, 1964 © The Lewinski Archive at Chatsworth; photograph National Portrait Gallery, London

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Walter Armstrong

revised by Emma Hardy

Armstead, Henry Hugh (1828–1905), sculptor and illustrator, was born in Bloomsbury, London, on 18 June 1828, the fourth and youngest son of John Armstead, and his wife, Ann, daughter of Hugh Dyer of Belfast. John Armstead was a heraldic chaser and Henry Hugh Armstead...

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Henry Hugh Armstead (1828–1905) by John Evan Hodgson, 1884 Aberdeen Art Gallery and Museums Collections

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Bacon, John (1740–1799), sculptor, was born on 24 November 1740 in Southwark, London, the son of Thomas Bacon, a clothworker. He was descended from an old family living in Wincanton in Somerset. In 1755 he was apprenticed to Nicholas Crispe, the owner of a porcelain factory in ...

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Bacon, John (1777–1859), sculptor, was born on 13 March 1777 in his parents' house in Newman Street, London, the second son of the sculptor John Bacon (1740–1799) and his wife, Elizabeth, née Wade (d. 1783). His elder brother, Thomas Bacon (b....

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See Bacon, John

Article

Baily, Edward Hodges (1788–1867), sculptor and designer and modeller of silver, was born on 10 March 1788 at Bristol, the son of William Baily, a ship's carver, and his wife, Martha. After leaving school at the age of fourteen Baily was placed in a merchant's counting house where he remained for two years. He formed an acquaintance with a local artist called ...

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Banks, Thomas (1735–1805), sculptor, was born on 22 December 1735 in Kennington, south London, and baptized in St Mary, Lambeth, on 18 January 1736, the eldest of the three sons of William Banks, later landscape gardener, land steward, and surveyor to the fourth duke of Beaufort...

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Bates, Harry (1850–1899), sculptor, was born in Stevenage, Hertfordshire, on 26 April 1850, the fifth of eight children of Joseph and Anne Bates. After brief training as an architect's clerk, he served as an apprentice (c.1866) and then as an employee (1869–79) of ...

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Bayes, Gilbert (1872–1953), sculptor, was born on 4 April 1872 at 6 Oval Road, Gloucester Road, St John's Wood, London, the third of four children of Alfred Walter Bayes (1832–1909), a painter and etcher, and his wife, Emily Ann (née Fielden; fl...

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Bedford, Richard Perry (1883–1967), sculptor and curator, was born on 15 November 1883 at 4 Chatsworth Terrace, Berner's Hill, Torquay, Devon, the second son of the four children of George Bedford (d. 1920) and his wife, Maria, née Harris. George Bedford was the principal of ...

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Behnes [later Burlowe], Henry (1801/2–1837), sculptor, was the younger brother of William Behnes the sculptor. Henry was probably born in London, the second of three sons of a Hanoverian piano maker who married an Englishwoman. The family lived in Dublin for several years before returning to settle in ...

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Behnes, William (1791x7–1864), sculptor, was born in London, the eldest of the three sons of a piano maker, of Hanover, Germany, and his English wife. He may have been the ‘William Bennes’ who was born in Portman Square, Middlesex, on 13 December 1791 and baptized at ...

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Campbell Dodgson

revised by Jason Edwards

Bell, John (1811–1895), sculptor and designer, was born on 19 August 1811 at Hopton, Suffolk (now Norfolk), the eldest of the eight children of Samuel Bell (1769–1844) and his wife, Sarah, of Hopton Hall. He was a cousin of the music teacher Sarah Glover (1786–1867)...

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Bell [née Hamilton], Maria, Lady Bell (1755–1825), painter and sculptor, was born on 26 December 1755 in Chelsea, Middlesex, and baptized on 28 December at St Martin-in-the-Fields, Westminster, the daughter of William Hamilton, an architect of Scottish descent, and his wife, Sarah...