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Angadi, Ayana Deva (1903–1993), journalist and arts promoter, was born on 12 March 1903 in the village of Jakanur, in the south Indian state of Mysore, the son of Veerayya Angadi and his wife, Kotawa. Mysore, ruled by the Wodeyar dynasty, was a progressive princely state where education was highly valued. ...

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Margaret Cavendish Bentinck [Lady Margaret Cavendish Harley], duchess of Portland (1715–1785) by Joseph Brown, pubd 1861 (after Christian Friedrich Zincke, 1738) © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Bentinck, Margaret Cavendish [née Lady Margaret Cavendish Harley], duchess of Portland (1715–1785), collector of art and natural history specimens and patron of arts and sciences, was born on 11 February 1715 in London, the only surviving child of Edward Harley, later second earl of Oxford...

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Elizabeth Christiana Cavendish, duchess of Devonshire (1757–1824) by Sir Joshua Reynolds, 1787 Chatsworth House. Photograph: Photographic Survey, Courtauld Institute of Art, London

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Cavendish [née Hervey; other married name Foster], Elizabeth Christiana, duchess of Devonshire (1757–1824), society hostess and patron of the arts, was the middle daughter of Frederick Augustus Hervey, fourth earl of Bristol (1730–1803), and his wife, Elizabeth Davers (1730–1800), and was known for most her life as ...

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William Cavendish, first duke of Newcastle upon Tyne (bap. 1593, d. 1676) by Abraham van Diepenbeck [with Bolsover Castle in the background] © Copyright The British Museum

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Cavendish, William, first duke of Newcastle upon Tyne (bap. 1593, d. 1676), writer, patron, and royalist army officer, was born at Handsworth Manor, Yorkshire, and was baptized in the parish on 16 December 1593. He was the second of three children, the first having died in infancy, of ...

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Combe, Thomas (1796–1872), printer and patron of the arts, was born on 21 July 1796 in Leicester, the second of six children of Thomas Combe, the town's leading bookseller, and his wife, Theodosia (née Dalby). He had an older sister, three younger sisters, and a younger brother. He was educated at ...

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Thomas Combe (1796–1872) by Sir John Everett Millais, 1850 Ashmolean Museum, Oxford

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Spencer Joshua Alwyne Compton, second marquess of Northampton (1790–1851) by David Octavius Hill and Robert Adamson, 1844 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Compton, Spencer Joshua Alwyne, second marquess of Northampton (1790–1851), patron of science and the arts, was born on 2 January 1790 at Erlestoke Park, Wiltshire, the second son of Charles Compton, ninth earl and first marquess of Northampton, and Mary, only daughter of ...

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Cromek, Robert Hartley (1770–1812), engraver and literary entrepreneur, was born at Kingston upon Hull, the son of Thomas Cromek (d. 1802), stonemason, and Martha Hartley (d. 1811). When he was a young man his family moved to Manchester, where he briefly studied law but soon turned to literary and artistic pursuits. In 1788 he moved to ...

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Ellis, Thomas Evelyn Scott-, eighth Baron Howard de Walden (1880–1946), writer, sportsman, and patron of the arts, was born in London on 9 May 1880, the only son of Frederick George Ellis, seventh Baron Howard de Walden (1830–1899), and his wife, Blanche (...

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Dorothy Payne Elmhirst (1887–1968) by unknown photographer, 1930s The Dartington Hall Trust Archive

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Elmhirst [née Whitney], Dorothy Payne (1887–1968), patron of education and the arts, was born at 1731 I Street, in Washington, DC, United States of America, on 23 January 1887, the fifth and youngest child of William Collins Whitney (1841–1904), statesman and company promoter, and his first wife, ...

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Fyzee, Atiya [married name Atiya Fyzee-Rahamin; known as Atiya Begum, and Shahinda] (1877–1967), author, social reformer, and patron of the arts, was born in Constantinople on 1 August 1877 into the prominent Tyabji clan, which was at the forefront of Bombay's...

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Grundy, John Clowes (1806–1867), printseller, publisher, and art patron, was born in Bolton-le-Moors on 3 August 1806. He was the eldest son of John Grundy, a cotton spinner, and his wife, Elizabeth Leeming, who raised their family in accordance with the recently established Swedenborgian doctrines of spirituality and family values. Indeed, the ...

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Edward Harley, second earl of Oxford and Mortimer (1689–1741) by Michael Dahl © Copyright The British Museum

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Harley, Edward, second earl of Oxford and Mortimer (1689–1741), book collector and patron of the arts, was born on 2 June 1689, the only son of Robert Harley, first earl of Oxford and Mortimer (1661–1724), politician, and his first wife, Elizabeth (d...

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William Herbert, third earl of Pembroke (1580–1630) by Sir Anthony Van Dyck Collection of the Earl of Pembroke and Trustees of Wilton House Trust, Wilton House, Salisbury, UK