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Davies, Gwendoline Elizabeth [Gwen] (1882–1951), philanthropist and patron of the arts, was born on 11 February 1882 at Plas Dinam, Llandinam, Montgomeryshire, the second of the three children of Edward Davies (1852–1898) and his wife, Mary (d. 1888), daughter of the Calvinistic Methodist minister the ...

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See Davies, Gwendoline Elizabeth [Gwen]

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Dorothy Payne Elmhirst (1887–1968) by unknown photographer, 1930s The Dartington Hall Trust Archive

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Elmhirst [née Whitney], Dorothy Payne (1887–1968), patron of education and the arts, was born at 1731 I Street, in Washington, DC, United States of America, on 23 January 1887, the fifth and youngest child of William Collins Whitney (1841–1904), statesman and company promoter, and his first wife, ...

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Falcke, Isaac (1819–1909), art collector and benefactor, was born in Great Yarmouth, one of some twenty children of Jacob Falcke. His father moved to London soon after Isaac's birth and started a business as an art dealer in Oxford Street; in due course he was joined by his sons ...

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Richard Fitzwilliam, seventh Viscount Fitzwilliam of Merrion (1745–1816) by Joseph Wright of Derby, 1764 Fitzwilliam Museum, University of Cambridge, UK; photograph Bridgeman Art Library

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Fitzwilliam, Richard, seventh Viscount Fitzwilliam of Merrion (1745–1816), benefactor and musical antiquary, was born on 1 August 1745 at Richmond, Surrey, the eldest son of Richard Fitzwilliam, sixth Viscount Fitzwilliam of Merrion (d. 1776), and Catherine (c.1710–1786), eldest daughter and coheir of the Dutch-born merchant and political economist ...

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Fraser, Patrick Allan- (1813–1890), artist and architect, was born at Arbroath, Forfarshire, the third and youngest son of Robert Allan, a stocking manufacturer, and his wife, Isabel Macdonald. Both his parents were from established trade families in the town. After education at Arbroath Academy...

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Fyzee, Atiya [married name Atiya Fyzee-Rahamin; known as Atiya Begum, and Shahinda] (1877–1967), author, social reformer, and patron of the arts, was born in Constantinople on 1 August 1877 into the prominent Tyabji clan, which was at the forefront of Bombay's...

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James Lewis Smithson (1764–1829) by Henri-Joseph Johns, 1816 National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution

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Smithson [formerly Macie], James Lewis (1764–1829), mineralogist and benefactor, was born Jacques Louis Macie in Paris in early 1764, the illegitimate son of a long-term liaison between Hugh Percy (formerly Smithson), second earl and later first duke of Northumberland (bap. 1712, d. 1786)...

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Stuart, John Crichton-, sixth marquess of Bute (1933–1993), benefactor and patron of the arts, was born at 10 Charles Street, Mayfair, London, at 9.50 a.m. on 27 February 1933, fifteen minutes before his twin brother, David; they were the two eldest among the four children of ...

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Stuart, John Crichton-, fourth marquess of Bute (1881–1947), architectural patron and conservationist, was born at Chiswick House, Middlesex, on 20 June 1881, the eldest of the four children of John Patrick Crichton-Stuart, third marquess of Bute (1847–1900), and his wife, Gwendolen Mary Anne Fitzalan-Howard (1854–1932)...

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Stuart, John Patrick Crichton-, third marquess of Bute (1847–1900), civic benefactor and patron of architecture, was born at Mount Stuart, Isle of Bute, Scotland, on 12 September 1847. He was the only child of John Crichton-Stuart, second marquess (1793–1848), and his second wife, ...

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John Patrick Crichton- Stuart, third marquess of Bute (1847–1900) by Thomas Rodger [in the robes of rector of St Andrews University] © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Tate, Sir Henry, first baronet (1819–1899), sugar refiner and benefactor, was born at Chorley in Lancashire on 11 March 1819, the eleventh child of the Revd William Tate (1773–1836), and his wife, Agnes, daughter of Nathaniel Booth of Gildestone, Yorkshire. Tate's parents had twelve children in all, four having died before ...

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Sir Henry Tate, first baronet (1819–1899) by Sir Hubert von Herkomer, 1897 © Tate, London, 2004

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Wyndham, George O'Brien, third earl of Egremont (1751–1837), art patron, agriculturist, and philanthropist, was born on 18 December 1751 and baptized on 9 January 1752 at St Margaret's, Westminster. He was the eldest son of Charles Wyndham, second earl of Egremont (1710–1763), statesman, patron, and collector, and his wife, ...

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George O'Brien Wyndham, third earl of Egremont (1751–1837) by Thomas Phillips National Trust Photographic Library / A. C. Cooper