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Clarke, Cuthbert (1728/9–1790), writer and lecturer on natural philosophy and agriculture, was probably born in Belford in Northumberland, though his origins are obscure. He spent the early and middle parts of his life in the north-east of England; having left Belford he lived in ...

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Fairbridge, Kingsley Ogilvie (1885–1924), founder of farm schools overseas, was born on 5 May 1885 at Grahamstown, Cape Colony, the elder son of Rhys Seymour Fairbridge, surveyor to the government of Cape Colony and later to the British South Africa Company, and his wife, ...

Article

Hall, Sir (Alfred) Daniel (1864–1942), agricultural educationist and researcher, was born on 22 June 1864 at 44 Milnrow Road, Rochdale, Lancashire, the eldest of the five children of Edwin Hall (1835–1918), flannel manufacturer, and his wife, Mary Ann Billett (d. 1888), daughter of ...

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Sir (Alfred) Daniel Hall (1864–1942) by Lafayette, 1927 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Hodgkinson, George Christopher (1816–1880), schoolmaster and meteorologist, was born at Newark, Nottinghamshire, the son of George Hodgkinson, attorney, and his wife, Julia Beevor. From King Edward VI School, Louth, he went in 1833 as a pensioner to Trinity College, Cambridge, graduating BA (fourteenth wrangler) in 1837 and MA in 1842. His first posts were as master at the ...

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Johnes, Thomas (1748–1816), agriculturist and translator, was born at Ludlow, Shropshire, on 1 September 1748, the eldest son of Thomas Johnes (1727–1780) of Llanfair Clydogau and Croft Castle, Herefordshire, member of parliament for Radnorshire, and his wife, Elizabeth (d. 1813), daughter of ...

Article

Locke, Richard (1737–1806), agriculturist and antiquary, was born at Burnham-on-Sea, Somerset, on 6 June 1737, the son of Richard and Hannah Locke and the great-nephew of the philosopher John Locke. He described himself as 'a self-taught individual of inferior ability but possessed of a laborious turn of mind' (...

Article

G. C. Boase

revised by David Knight

Low, David (1786–1859), university professor, was born on 25 November 1786, probably at Woodend, Berwickshire, the eldest son of Alexander Low, land agent, of Laws, Berwickshire, and his wife, Susan Anderson. He was educated at Perth Academy and the University of Edinburgh. He assisted his father on his farms, and soon showed special aptitude as a land agent and valuer. In 1817 he published ...

Article

Murray, Keith Anderson Hope, Baron Murray of Newhaven (1903–1993), agricultural economist and university administrator, was born at 62 Great King Street, Edinburgh, on 28 July 1903, the third of five sons (there were no daughters) of Charles David Murray (1866–1936), judge of the ...

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Orwin, Charles Stewart (1876–1955), agricultural economist and historian, was born on 26 September 1876 at Horsham, Sussex, the only son of Frederick James Orwin and Elizabeth, daughter of Robert Campbell Stewart, of Blackheath, and niece of George Gawler, governor of South Australia (1838–41). Born into a medical family with a reputation for independent, radical thinking, from his earliest days ...

Article

M. G. Watkins

revised by Jonathan Brown

Randall, Joseph (d. 1789), schoolmaster and agriculturist, is of unknown origins. In 1740 he started a boarding-school for boys at Heath, near Wakefield, which he described in detail in An Account of the Academy at Heath (1750). His school could accommodate 130 boarders, with a further 30 or 40 pupils boarded out in the village. The staff of ten masters and assistants taught an extensive range of subjects that included English, Latin, and history, mathematics, geography, astronomy, and natural and experimental philosophy. ...

Article

Thomas Seccombe

revised by Anne Pimlott Baker

Robertson, George (1750?–1832), writer on agriculture and topographer, was born in Edinburghshire, and lived on a farm at Granton, near Edinburgh, for many years. He farmed in Scotland from 1765 until shortly before his death, moving from Granton to Kincardineshire in 1800 and then to ...

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Rudge, Thomas (bap. 1753, d. 1825), topographer and writer on agriculture, was baptized on 13 June 1753 at the church of St Mary de Lode, Gloucester, the son of Thomas Rudge (1725/6–1809), attorney and writing master, and his first wife, Anne (1719/20–1759). His father was deputy registrar of the ...

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G. A. J. Cole

revised by V. E. Chancellor

Solly, Edward (1819–1886), chemist, agronomist, and antiquary, was born, probably in London, on 11 October 1819, the son of Edward Solly (c.1790–c.1847), a wealthy Baltic timber merchant of Berlin and St Mary Axe, London. Sarah Solly, who made a significant bequest to the ...

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Vischer, Sir Hanns (1876–1945), educationist, was born at Basel, Switzerland, on 14 September 1876, the third of five children of Adolf Eberhard Vischer (1839–1902), a prosperous Swiss silk merchant, and his wife, Carolina Rosalia (Rosalie) Sarasin. His father was a deeply committed evangelical Christian and an Anglophile, sentiments which his son ...