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Andrews, Henry Charles (fl. 1794–1830), botanical artist and engraver, is an elusive figure; little is known of his family background or education. He presumably received some artistic training before the mid-1790s, for his earliest engravings of plants are dated 1794; he may have been the ...

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Angus, Margaret MacGregor [Peggy] (1904–1993), designer and artist, was born on 9 November 1904 in Coronel, Chile, the tenth surviving child of David Angus (1855–1926), railway engineer, and his wife, Mary, née Wilson (1860–1939), a former teacher. Her parents were originally from Scotland...

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Mary Nicol Armour (1902–2000) by Andy Stark © Andy Stark

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Armour [née Steel], Mary Nicol (1902–2000), still-life and landscape painter, was born at Blantyre, Lanarkshire, on 27 March 1902, the eldest of six children of William Steel, a metal dresser in the steelworks at Blantyre, and his wife, Jabina Gilbert. She won a scholarship to ...

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Baker, John (1725/6–1771), flower painter, was, according to Joseph Farington's notebooks, born in Larkners Lane, Holborn, London; his father was a coach-painter who died while he was a child. The family business was maintained by his mother, who entered a partnership with a ...

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Bartholomew, Valentine (1799–1879), flower painter, was born on 18 January 1799 in Red Lion Street, Clerkenwell, London, the son of Josiah Bartholomew, a watchmaker, and his wife, Betsy. Alfred Bartholomew, the architect, was his younger brother. From 1821 to 1827 he worked for and resided with the lithographer ...

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Bauer, Ferdinand Lukas (1760–1826), botanical artist, was born on 20 January 1760 at Feldsberg, Austria, the son of Lukas Bauer or Baur (1706/7–1762), court painter to the prince of Liechtenstein, and his wife, Theresia, née Hirsch. Three sons—Joseph (1756–1831), Franz Andreas Bauer (1758–1840)...

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Franz Andreas Bauer (1758–1840) by William Brockedon, 1834 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Bauer, Franz Andreas (1758–1840), microscopist and botanical artist, was born on 4 October 1758 in Feldsberg, Austria (now Valtice, Czech Republic). He was the second of the four sons of Lukas Bauer or Baur (1706/7–1762), a religious and court painter to the ...

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Blackwell [née Blachrie], Elizabeth (bap. 1707, d. 1758), botanical author and artist, was baptized on 22 June 1707 at St Nicholas, Aberdeen, the sixth daughter of a prosperous stocking merchant, William Blachrie (b. c.1669) and his wife, Isobel Fordyce. Elizabeth...

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Bogdani, Jacob (1658–1724), still-life and bird painter, was born on 6 May 1658 in Eperjes, upper Hungary, the son of Lucas Bogdani (fl. 1656–1684), painter, and his wife, Susanna. He was educated at the Felsőmagyarországi Evangélikusok Kollégiuma, Eperjes, and probably became his father's pupil. By 1684 he was in ...

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Bury [née Falkner], Priscilla Susan (1799–1872), botanical artist, was born on 12 January 1799 in Rainhill, Lancashire, the daughter of Edward Dean Falkner (1750–1825), a wealthy Liverpool trader, who had been high sheriff of Lancashire in 1788, and his wife, Bridgett Tarleton (...

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Caulfield, Patrick Joseph (1936–2005), painter, was born on 29 January 1936 at 17 All Saints Road, Acton, London, the son of Patrick Caulfield, plate layer, and his wife, Annie, née Gill. During the Second World War the family lived in Bolton, Lancashire, where ...

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Clayton, John (1728–1800), still-life and landscape painter, was born at Bush Hill, Edmonton, Middlesex; he was brother to Samuel Clayton of Old Park, Enfield, Middlesex, and uncle to Nicholas Clayton. He initially trained to enter the medical profession under Samuel Sharp, a well-known surgeon, but then turned to an artistic career as a painter of fruit, flowers, and landscapes in oil, crayon, and watercolour. He exhibited four paintings of fruit at the ...

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Craig, Stella Ross- (1906–2006), botanical artist, was born on 19 March 1906 at 61 Gordon Road, Aldershot, Hampshire, one of the three children of John Ross Craig, pharmacist, and his wife, Christina Sinclair, née Lauder. Both her parents were Scottish. On her birth certificate her father signed himself ...

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Devas, (Thomas) Anthony (1911–1958), portrait, still-life, and landscape painter, was born on 8 January 1911 in Bromley, Kent, the second son of the four children of Thomas Gronow Devas, chairman of the City of London wholesale textile firm Devas Routledge, and his wife, ...

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L. A. Fagan

revised by Mark Pottle

Duffield, William (1816–1863), still-life painter, was born at Bath, the second son of Charles Duffield, at one time proprietor of the Royal Union Library. Educated in Bath, at an early age Duffield displayed a decided predilection and talent for drawing. George Doo, the engraver, having been struck by ...

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Edwards, Sydenham Teast (bap. 1768, d. 1819), botanical artist, was baptized Sydenham Edwards on 5 August 1768 at Usk, the second son in the family of seven or more children of Lloyd Pittel Edwards, schoolmaster, and his wife, Mary Reece. The physician Richard Reece (1775–1831)...

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Ehret, George Dionysius (1708–1770), botanical artist, was born Georg Dionysius Ehret on 30 January 1708 at Heidelberg, Germany, the elder son of Ferdinand Christoph Ehret, gardener, and Anna Maria, both of Heidelberg. Ehret trained as a gardener, initially working on estates of German nobility, and painted flowers as a hobby, taught by his father, a good draughtsman. His first major sale of flower paintings came through ...

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L. H. Cust

revised by Natasha Eaton

Elmer, Stephen (bap. 1715, d. 1796), still-life painter, was baptized on 1 April 1715 at Farnham in Surrey, the son of Stephen Elmer. His father painted murals for St Andrew's Church, Farnham, and Elmer trained in his studio, depicting dead game, and in time became a successful painter of still lifes. He was a member of the ...