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Abbott, Lemuel Francis [Samuel] (1760/61–1802), portrait painter, was the elder son of a clergyman in Leicestershire—probably the Revd Lemuel Abbott (d. 1776), curate of Anstey, later vicar of Thornton, and his wife, Mary. In 1775, at the age of fourteen, he was apprenticed to ...

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Aikman, William, of Cairnie (1682–1731), portrait painter, was born on 24 October 1682 at Cairnie, Forfarshire, the second son and fifth child of William Aikman (1646–1699), laird of Cairnie and advocate, and his wife, Margaret Clerk (d. after 1729), daughter of John Clerk...

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William Aikman of Cairnie (1682–1731) self-portrait Scottish National Portrait Gallery

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Cosmo Alexander (1724–1772) self-portrait, before 1745? Aberdeen Art Gallery and Museums Collections

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Alexander, Cosmo (1724–1772), portrait painter and traveller, was born probably in Aberdeen, the son and pupil of the Aberdonian painter and engraver John Alexander (1686–c.1766), who had worked in Rome from 1711 to 1719, and his wife, Isobel Innes. John Alexander...

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Backhouse [née Holden], Margaret (bap. 1818, d. 1896), portrait and genre painter, one of several children of the Revd Henry Augustus Holden (1785–1870) and his wife, Mary Willetts (1790/91–1869), was born at Summer Hill, near Birmingham, and baptized on 28 September 1818 at ...

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C. E. Dawkins

revised by V. Remington

Barber, Christopher (1735/6–1810), portrait painter, of whose parents nothing is known, painted portraits in oil, watercolour, and crayon, and miniatures in watercolour on ivory. He exhibited at the Royal Academy between 1770 and 1808, at the Society of Artists (of which he was a member before being forced to resign in 1765) from 1763 to 1765, and at the ...

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Barker, Thomas Jones (1813–1882), war and portrait painter, was born on 19 April 1813 at Bath, Somerset, the eldest son and fifth child of Thomas Barker (1767–1847) of Bath, painter and lithographer, and his wife, Priscilla, née Jones. Educated at Heckingham College, he was taught to paint by his father. From 1834 he studied in ...

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R. E. Graves

revised by Peter Tomory

Beach, Thomas (bap. 1737, d. 1806), portrait painter, was baptized at Abbey Milton, Dorset, on 4 April 1737, the second son of Thomas Beach and his wife, Ursula, née Bryer. He was educated at the grammar school in Abbey Milton, where he had shown such distinct artistic promise that ...

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See Beale [née Cradock], Mary

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Mary Beale (bap. 1633, d. 1699) self-portrait, c. 1665 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Beale [née Cradock], Mary (bap. 1633, d. 1699), portrait painter, was born at Barrow rectory, Suffolk, and baptized on 26 March 1633, the elder of two children of the Revd John Cradock (c.1595–1652), the puritan rector of Barrow, and his wife, ...

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Beechey, George Duncan (1797–1852), portrait painter, son of Sir William Beechey (1753–1839), portrait painter to Queen Charlotte, and his second wife, Anne Phyllis Beechey, née Jessop (1764–1833) [see under Beechey, Sir William], miniature painter, was born at Great George Street, Hanover Square, London...

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Belle, Alexis-Simon (1674–1734), portrait painter, was born on 12 January 1674, in the rue du Bac, Paris, and baptized on 17 January at St Sulpice, Paris, the second child but only son of Jean Belle (1636/1641–1703), portrait painter, and Anne Malguy (d...

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Anne Gilchrist

revised by Geoffrey Carnall

Betham, (Mary) Matilda (1776–1852), writer and miniature painter, was born at Stradbroke, Suffolk, the eldest of the fifteen children of the Revd William Betham (1749–1839) of Stonham Aspal, Suffolk, and rector of Stoke Lacy, Herefordshire, and his wife, Mary, née Damant (1752/3–1839), the former wife of ...

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Biffin [Beffin; married name Wright], Sarah (1784–1850), miniature painter, was born on 25 October 1784 at East Quantoxhead, Somerset, and baptized there, at the church of St Mary the Virgin, on 31 October. She was the third of five children of Henry John Beffin (1747/8–1835)...

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Sarah Biffin (1784–1850) by Henri Grevedon, 1823 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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J. T. Gilbert

revised by Paul Caffrey

Bindon, Francis (c. 1690–1765), portrait painter and architect, was the fourth son of David Bindon (d. 1733) of Cloony, co. Clare, and his wife, Dorothy Burton, the daughter of Samuel Burton of Buncraggy, co. Clare, Ireland. Bindon's father had been member of the Irish ...

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Bingham [née Smith], Margaret, countess of Lucan (c. 1740–1814), miniature painter, was the daughter of James Smith MP, of Canons-Leigh, Devon, and St Audries, Somerset, and his wife, Grace. She married, on 25 August 1760, Sir Charles Bingham (1735–1799), later Baron Lucan...

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Borsselaer [Bustler], Pieter (fl. 1664–1687), portrait painter, was most likely of a Dutch burger family of that name long established in Zeeland, the Netherlands. From the fifteenth century onwards members of the family are recorded serving as regents, sheriffs, burgermasters, and taxation clerks in the towns of ...