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Niladri Ranjan Chatterjee

Chaudhuri, Nirad Chandra (1897–1999), writer, was born on 23 November 1897 in Kishoregunj, in the district of Mymensingh, East Bengal, India (now in Bangladesh), the second of eight children of Upendra Narayan Chaudhuri (1867–1934), a lawyer, and his wife, Sushila Sundarani Chaudhurani...

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Cousins, James Henry Sproull (1873–1956), writer and educationist, was born on 22 July 1873 at 29 Cavour Street, Belfast, the son of James Cousins (d. 1920), a sailor, and his wife, Susan Davis (d. 1915). His parents were both Wesleyan Methodists; his father retired from a sailing career to work for the ...

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Das [née Sarbadhikari], Krishnabhabini (1864–1919), author and social activist, was born in 1864 in a traditional Hindu zamindari household in Chowa, Murshidabad district, Bengal, the only child of Joynarayan Sarbadhikari. It was not usual to educate girls in the village and Krishnabhabini's...

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Huxley, Aldous Leonard (1894–1963), writer, was born at Laleham, a house near Godalming, Surrey, on 26 July 1894, the third son of Leonard Huxley (1860–1933), an assistant master at Charterhouse School and subsequently editor of the Cornhill Magazine, and his first wife, Julia Frances Huxley (...

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Aldous Leonard Huxley (1894–1963) by Man Ray, 1934 © Man Ray Trust / ADAGP, Paris, and DACS, London 2010; collection National Portrait Gallery, London

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Christopher William Bradshaw Isherwood (1904–1986) by Humphrey Spender, 1935 © Humphrey Spender 1935 / National Portrait Gallery, London

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Isherwood, Christopher William Bradshaw (1904–1986), writer, was born on 26 August 1904 at Wyberslegh Hall, High Lane, Cheshire, the elder son (there were no daughters) of Lieutenant-Colonel Francis Edward Bradshaw-Isherwood (1869–1915), professional soldier in the York and Lancaster regiment, of Marple, Cheshire, and his wife, ...

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Naipaul, Shivadhar Srinivasa [Shiva] (1945–1985), writer, was born on 25 February 1945 at a kinsman's house in Woodbrook, a quarter of Port of Spain, Trinidad, but was soon taken to Nepaul Street in the neighbouring quarter of St James, where he grew up. He was the sixth of the seven children, two of them sons, of ...

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Narayanswami, Rasipuram Krishnaswami Iyer [pseud. R. K. Narayan] (1906–2001), author, was born in Madras, India, on 10 October 1906, the third of eight children of Brahmin parents, R. V. Krishnaswami Iyer, schoolteacher, and his wife, Gnanambal. His formative years were spent not so much with his parents and siblings as in the house of his maternal grandmother in ...

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Ray, Sukumar (1887–1923), writer, illustrator, and song composer, was born in Calcutta on 30 October 1887, the son of Upendrakishore Ray, otherwise Upendrakishore Ray Chowdhury (1863–1915), a well-known Bengali writer, illustrator, song composer, publisher, and printer, and his wife, Bidhumukhi Devi. His father was a prominent figure in the western-influenced Hindu reform movement known as Brahmoism, which flourished in ...

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Stuart, Charles [called Hindoo Stuart] (1757/8–1828), art collector and author, was born in Galway, Ireland, and was reputedly the son of Thomas Smyth (d. 1785), MP for Limerick (1776–85). Stuart's will indicates that he had siblings, Eliza, John, and Thomas Stuart...

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Swarnakumari Devi (1855–1932), author, was born in Calcutta on 28 August 1855, the fourth daughter of Debendranath Tagore (1817–1905) of the Jorasanko branch of the Tagore family of Bengal, and his wife, Sarada Devi (1826?–1875). The remarkable Tagore family broke new ground in business ventures; in literature, art, and music; and in women's emancipation. They put their heart into a synthesis of the old and the new in the context of British imperial rule in ...

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Tagore, Satyendranath (1842–1923), Indian civil servant and author, was born in Calcutta, India, on 1 June 1842, the second son of Debendranath Tagore (1817–1905) [see under Tagore family] and his wife, Sarada Devi (1826?–1875). The author Swarnakumari was his younger sister. He was born into an illustrious family referred to by one modern historian as 'the ...