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Adler, Jakub [Jankel] (1895–1949), painter, was born on 26 July 1895 in Tuszyn, near Łódź, Poland, the eighth of the twelve children of Eliasz Adler, a timber and coal dealer, and his wife, Hana Laja, née Fiter. Adler grew up in Łódź in the world of Hasidic Jewry, which had a lasting influence on his subject matter. After training as a goldsmith in ...

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David Garshen Bomberg (1890–1957) self-portrait, 1931 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Bomberg, David Garshen (1890–1957), painter, was born at 18 Florence Street, Birmingham, on 5 December 1890, the fifth of the eleven children of Abraham Bomberg (1867/8–1938), a Polish immigrant leather-worker, and his wife, Rebecca, née Klan (1863/4–1912), whose family kept an inn and reared horses. In 1895 the family moved to ...

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Fisher, Sandra Maureen (1947–1994), painter, was born on 6 May 1947 in New York, the elder of two daughters of Gene Sapiro Fisher (b. 1918), builder, and his wife, Ethel Blankfield Kott (b. 1925), painter. She was raised in Florida and ...

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Gertler, Mark (1891–1939), painter, was born on 9 December 1891 at 16 Gun Street, Spitalfields, London, the youngest of the five children of Louis Gertler (c.1858–1917), master furrier, and his wife, Kate (Golda) Berenbaum (c.1862–1932). In 1893 the family returned to their native ...

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Mark Gertler (1891–1939) self-portrait, 1920 by permission of Luke Gertler / Arts Council Collection, Hayward Gallery, London

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Hamermesh, Mira (1923–2012), painter and documentary film-maker, was born Mirjam Hamermesz in Łódź, Poland, on 15 July 1923, the third and youngest child of Josef Meir Hamermesz, manufacturer, and his wife, Fajga, née Lerer. Her brother, Mordechai, was born in 1918, and her sister, ...

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Kitaj, Ronald Brooks [Ron] (1932–2007), painter and essayist, was born Ronald Brooks Benway on 29 October 1932, in Chagrin Falls, near Cleveland, Ohio, the son of Sigmund Benway and his wife, Jeanne, née Brooks (d. 1995), a steel mill worker and teacher. His father was born in ...

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Ronald Brooks Kitaj (1932–2007) self-portrait, 1993–4 © estate of R. B. Kitaj / National Portrait Gallery, London

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Kramer, Jacob (1892–1962), painter and graphic artist, was born on 26 December 1892 in Klintsy, in the province of Chernigov in Ukraine, the only son of Max (Meir) Kramer (d. 1915), a court painter who worked in a naturalistic style and who had studied under ...

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Meidner, Ludwig Baruch (1884–1966), painter and graphic artist, was born on 18 April 1884 in Bernstadt, Silesia, one of four children of Gustav Georg Meidner (b. c.1818), a textile merchant, and his wife, Rosa Glogauer (d. 1942). Meidner grew up in a Jewish family who owned a textile shop. In 1901 he started training as a bricklayer in preparation for the study of architecture. Two years later he began studying drawing at the ...

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Rogers, Claude Maurice (1907–1979), painter and art teacher, was born on 24 January 1907 at 28 Sutherland Avenue, Maida Vale, London, the elder son and eldest of the three children of David De Sola Rogers (d. 1920), dental surgeon, and his wife, ...

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Rutherston, Albert Daniel (1881–1953), painter and illustrator, was born on 5 December 1881 in Bradford, Yorkshire, the youngest child of Moritz Rothenstein (1836–1914), a wool manufacturer, and his wife, Bertha Henriette Dux (1844–1912), both Jewish immigrants from northern Germany who married on 7 June 1865 in ...

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Solomon, Simeon (1840–1905), painter and draughtsman, was born at 3 Sandys Street, Bishopsgate, London, on 9 October 1840, the son of Michael Solomon (b. 1779) and his wife, Catherine Levy (d. 1886). His father, who had inherited the family hat business and who had started a paper embossing firm, was a prominent member of the Jewish community in the ...

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Simeon Solomon (1840–1905) self-portrait, 1859 © Tate, London, 2004

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H. B. Grimsditch

revised by Jenny Pery

Solomon, Solomon Joseph (1860–1927), painter, was born in the Borough, London, on 16 September 1860, the fourth son of Joseph Solomon, leather merchant, and his wife, Helena Lichtenstadt, from Vienna. He was educated at Thomas Whitford's South London School, Great Dover Street, and was taught Hebrew and German by ...

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Irma Stern (1894–1966) by Max Karklin © reserved; Irma Stern Museum

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Stern, Irma (1894–1966), artist in South Africa, was born in Schweizer-Reneke, Transvaal, on 2 October 1894, the first child of Samuel Stern (1863–1935), general dealer, and his wife, Henny, née Fels (1875–1944). Her parents were prosperous German Jews who retained strong ties with the cosmopolitan culture of ...

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Uhlman, Manfred [Fred] (1901–1985), writer and painter, was born on 19 January 1901 in Stuttgart, Germany, the first of two children of Ludwig Uhlman (1869–c.1943), textile merchant, and his wife, Johanna Grombacher (1879–c.1943). His father, a descendant of an old-established Jewish family in ...

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Wolmark, Alfred Aaron (1877–1961), painter and decorative artist, was born in Warsaw, Poland, on 28 December 1877, the eldest child in the family of four sons and one daughter of Levy and Gitel Wolmark. The Wolmarks, like many other central European Jewish families, were forced by continuous persecution to leave ...