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Abbey, Edwin Austin (1852–1911), illustrator and painter, was born at 315 Race Street, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, on 1 April 1852, the eldest of the three children of William Maxwell Abbey (1827–1897), a merchant of French and English descent, and Margery Ann Kiple (1825–1880), who was descended from German and Irish immigrants. He was educated in ...

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Agasse, Jacques-Laurent (1767–1849), painter, was born on 24 March 1767 at Geneva, and baptized there at the Temple Neuf on 21 April, the son of Philippe Agasse (1739–1827), merchant, and his wife, Catherine Audeoud (1737–1818). His family were merchants of Huguenot origin who had been established in ...

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Maker Firmin Massot and Jacques-Laurent Agasse

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Jacques-Laurent Agasse (1767–1849) by Firmin Massot and Jacques-Laurent Agasse Museum Stiftung Oskar Reinhart; photograph National Portrait Gallery, London

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Aglio, Augustine Maria [formerly Agostino Maria] (1777–1857), painter and lithographer, was born on 15 December 1777 in Cremona, Italy, one of several children of Gaetano Aglio, a notary, and Marianna Mondini. He moved with his family in 1787 to Milan, where he was educated at the ...

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Allston, Washington (1779–1843), painter and poet, was born on 5 November 1779 at Brook Green domain, All Saints' parish, in the district of Georgetown, South Carolina, the second of the two children of William Allston junior (d. 1781), a captain in General Francis Marion's...

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See Venetian painters in Britain

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Atkinson, John Augustus (1774x6–1830), painter and engraver, is of unknown parentage. He was taken as a boy aged eight or nine to St Petersburg by the mezzotint engraver James Walker, who may have been his uncle and who had accepted a post at the court of ...

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Bacon, Sir Nathaniel (1585–1627), painter, was born at Redgrave in Suffolk in August 1585, the grandson of Lord Keeper Bacon and the youngest son of Sir Nicholas Bacon (c. 1543–1624) [see under Bacon, Sir Nathaniel (1546?-1622)], subsequently the premier baronet of ...

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Sir Nathaniel Bacon (1585–1627) self-portrait, c. 1618–20 reproduced by permission of the Earl of Verulam. Photograph: Photographic Survey, Courtauld Institute of Art, London

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See Barber, Joseph

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Barlow, Francis (d. 1704), painter and etcher, was said by George Vertue to have come from Lincolnshire and to have been apprenticed in London to the portrait painter William Shepherd. His earliest dated work is a drawing of 1648 depicting David slaying the lion (...

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Barnard, Lambert (d. 1567/8), painter and calligrapher, may have been the son of a Dutch émigré rumoured to have come to England in the latter decades of the fifteenth century (Croft-Murray, 110), but further details of his parents and place of birth are unknown. He was perhaps born in the early 1490s, as his son ...

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See Barraud, William

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Pompeo Girolamo Batoni (1708–1787) self-portrait, 1773–4 Galleria degli Uffizi, Florence, Italy / Bridgeman Art Library

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Batoni, Pompeo Girolamo (1708–1787), painter and draughtsman, was born on 25 January 1708 in Lucca, Italy, and baptized in San Frediano, Lucca, on 5 February, the son of Paolino Batoni, goldsmith, and his wife, Chiara Sesti. For nearly half a century he recorded the visits to ...

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Martin Hardie

revised by Kate Flint

Bayliss, Sir Wyke (1835–1906), painter and writer, was born at Madeley, Shropshire, on 21 October 1835, the second son of John Cox Bayliss of Prior's Leigh and Anne Wyke. His father was a railway engineer and a successful teacher of military and mathematical drawing. At an early age ...

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Beale, (Sarah) Sophia (1837–1920), writer on art and painter, was born on 5 November 1837 in the parish of St Martin-in-the-Fields, London, the daughter of Lionel John Beale (1796–1871), surgeon, and Frances Smith, née Sheppard (1800–1849). She was the sister of Lionel Smith Beale (1828–1906)...

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See Lambert, George

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Beck, David Hendrikszoon (1621–1656), painter, was born in Delft, Holland, on 25 May 1621, the eldest son of the schoolmaster and occasional poet Hendrik Beck, who was born in Cologne before 1593 and died in Rotterdam in 1659, and Eva Aelbertsdochter Schoonharen, who died in ...

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Beechey, Henry William (1788/9–1862), painter and explorer, was born probably at 37 Hill Street, Berkeley Square, London, the eldest son of the portrait painter Sir William Beechey (1753–1839) and his first wife. Nothing is known of his education. In August 1815 he became secretary to ...