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Chauhan [née Singh], Subhadra Kumari (1904–1948), poet, short-story writer, and political activist in India, was born on 16 August 1904 in Nihalpur, near Allahabad, United Provinces, India, the third of four daughters and sixth of seven children of Ramnath Singh, building contractor, and his wife, ...

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Dutt, Michael Madhusudan (1824–1873), poet and playwright, was born Madhusudan Dutta, or Dutt, on 25 January 1824 in Sagardari, a village in the district of Jessore, east Bengal, the son of Rajnarayan Dutta, or Dutt, a successful upper caste Kayasth Bengali lawyer, and his wife, ...

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Ghose, Manmohan (1869–1924), poet and university teacher, was born on 19 January 1869 at Bhagalpur, Bihar, India, the second son of Krishna Dhan Ghose (1844–1892/3), a civil medical officer in Bengal, and his wife, Swarnalata Basu (b. 1852), the eldest daughter of ...

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Harishchandra [known as Bharatendu Harishchandra] (1850–1885), Hindi poet, playwright, and literary editor, was born in Benares, India, on 9 September 1850, into a fabulously wealthy merchant family. The family of his mother, Parvati (d. 1855), had been diwans, or finance ministers, at the Mogul court at ...

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Naidu [née Chattopadhyay], Sarojini (1879–1949), politician and poet, born on 13 February 1879 in Hyderabad, was the second child and eldest daughter of Aghornath Chattopadhyay (Chatterji; 1851–1915) and his wife, Baradasundari, otherwise Varada Devi. Her younger brother, Virendranath (Chatto) Chattopadhyaya...

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Tagore, Dwijendranath (1840–1926), poet and philosopher, was born in Calcutta, India, on 11 March 1840, the eldest son of Debendranath Tagore (1817–1905) [see under Tagore family] and his wife, Sarada Devi (1826?–1875). His grandfather ‘Prince’ Dwarkanath Tagore was one of the most successful independent Indian merchants of the early nineteenth century. The ...

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Tagore, Rabindranath (1861–1941), poet and educationist, was born on 7 May 1861 at 6 Dwarkanath Tagore Lane, Jorasanko, Calcutta, the fourteenth child and eighth son of Debendranath Tagore (1817–1905) [see under Tagore family] and Sarada Devi (1826?–1875). The author Swarnakumari Devi...

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Rabindranath Tagore (1861–1941) by Sir William Rothenstein, 1912 by courtesy of the Estate of Sir William Rothenstein; photograph courtesy of the Tate Gallery, London