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Abbey, Edwin Austin (1852–1911), illustrator and painter, was born at 315 Race Street, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, on 1 April 1852, the eldest of the three children of William Maxwell Abbey (1827–1897), a merchant of French and English descent, and Margery Ann Kiple (1825–1880), who was descended from German and Irish immigrants. He was educated in ...

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Abell, William (d. 1474), manuscript artist, is associated by documentary evidence only with the consolidation charter of Eton College of March 1446, for which he was paid £1 6s. 8d. But a number of other works can be attributed to him on stylistic grounds, including the similarly illuminated charter for ...

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Alexis Master (fl. c. 1120–c. 1140), manuscript artist, was active at St Albans Abbey, and probably at Bury St Edmunds Abbey, in the 1120s and 1130s. The name 'Alexis Master', first coined in German by the art historian Adolph Goldschmidt...

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Appleton, Honor Charlotte (1879–1951), artist in black and white, was born on 4 February 1879 at 30 St Michael's Place, Brighton, Sussex, one of four children of John Hoblyn Appleton (1834/5–1881), formerly vicar of St Mark's, Staplefield, Sussex, and his wife, Georgina Rachel Maud, ...

Article

Walter Armstrong

revised by Emma Hardy

Armstead, Henry Hugh (1828–1905), sculptor and illustrator, was born in Bloomsbury, London, on 18 June 1828, the fourth and youngest son of John Armstead, and his wife, Ann, daughter of Hugh Dyer of Belfast. John Armstead was a heraldic chaser and Henry Hugh Armstead...

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Henry Hugh Armstead (1828–1905) by John Evan Hodgson, 1884 Aberdeen Art Gallery and Museums Collections

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Attwell [married name Earnshaw], Mabel Lucie (1879–1964), illustrator, was born at 182 Mile End Road, London, on 4 June 1879, the sixth child of Augustus Attwell, a butcher, of Mile End, and his wife, (Emily) Ann, the daughter of George Harris, a coach builder. ...

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Austen, John Archibald (1886–1948), artist and book illustrator, was born on 5 January 1886 at 19 George Street, Buckland, Kent, the son of Walter John Clement Austen, a journeyman joiner, and his wife, Priscilla Jane Hooker. He initially trained as a carpenter, but in 1906 he moved to ...

Article

Austen, Winifred Marie Louise (1876–1964), artist and illustrator, was born in Ramsgate, Kent, on 12 July 1876, the only daughter of Josiah Austin, a Cornish naval surgeon, and his wife, Fanny, née Mann. She altered the spelling of her surname from Austin to ...

Article

Badmin, Stanley Roy (1906–1989), illustrator, painter, and printmaker, was born at 8A Niederwald Road, Sydenham, London, on 18 April 1906, the second child of Charles James Badmin, a schoolmaster, and his wife, Margaret (Madge) Raine, both of whom had come from Somerset. Important in his development into the essential illustrator of the English countryside were family holidays to ...

Article

F. M. O'Donoghue

revised by Simon Houfe

Barnard, Frederick (1846–1896), illustrator and painter, was born in Angel Street, St Martin's-le-Grand, London, on 26 May 1846, the youngest child of Edward Barnard, a manufacturing silversmith. He studied first at Heatherley's Art School in Newman Street, London, and later under the painter ...

Article

Barnard, Lambert (d. 1567/8), painter and calligrapher, may have been the son of a Dutch émigré rumoured to have come to England in the latter decades of the fifteenth century (Croft-Murray, 110), but further details of his parents and place of birth are unknown. He was perhaps born in the early 1490s, as his son ...

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Baynes, Pauline Diana (1922–2008), illustrator, was born on 9 September 1922 at 67 Brunswick Place, Hove, Sussex, the younger daughter of Frederick (otherwise Frederic) William Wilberforce Baynes (1889–1967), a first-class magistrate in the Indian Civil Service, and his wife, Jessie Harriet Maud, née...

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Aubrey Vincent Beardsley (1872–1898) by Frederick Henry Evans, 1893 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Beardsley, Aubrey Vincent (1872–1898), illustrator, was born on 21 August 1872 at 12 Buckingham Road, Brighton, Sussex, the son of Vincent Paul Beardsley (c.1840–1909), and his wife, Ellen Agnus (1846–1932), the daughter of Surgeon-Major William Pitt and his wife, Susan.

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Belsky [née Owen], Margaret Constance (1919–1989), cartoonist and illustrator, was born in Wareham, Dorset, on 20 June 1919. Her father, Albert Edward Owen (c.1880–c.1958), was an Australian engineer of Welsh/Irish ancestry who came to the UK about 1917 after being wounded at ...

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Bennett, Charles Henry (1828–1867), illustrator, was born on 26 July 1828 at Tavistock Court, Covent Garden, London, the son of Charles Bennett and his wife, Harriet. He seems to have been self-taught as a draughtsman on wood, but by 1855 his sketches were appearing in ...

Article

Blackburn [née Wedderburn], Jemima (1823–1909), painter and illustrator, was born on 1 May 1823 at 31 Heriot Row, Edinburgh, the youngest of the six children of James Wedderburn (1782–1822), solicitor-general for Scotland, and Isabella Clerk (1789–1865). Her early childhood was overshadowed by the death of her father (before her birth) and beset by intermittent illness. She was encouraged to draw by her doctor, the distinguished ...

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George Henry Boughton (1833–1905) by Ralph W. Robinson, 1889 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Martin Hardie

revised by Olivia Fitzpatrick

Boughton, George Henry (1833–1905), painter and illustrator, was born on 4 December 1833 at a village near Norwich, where his father, William Boughton, was a farmer. Taken by his parents to America as an infant, he lived in Albany, New York, where he was educated at the high school. Self-taught as an artist, he sold his first painting, ...