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Benson, William (bap. 1682, d. 1754), politician, architect, and literary critic, was baptized on 17 March 1682 at St Leonard's Church, Bromley by Bow, Middlesex; he was the eldest of fourteen children of William Benson (1640/41–1712), a wealthy iron merchant of Bromley by Bow...

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Sidney Lee

revised by Nilanjana Banerji

Bulloch, John (1805–1882), brass-finisher and literary scholar, was a native of Aberdeen. For most of his life he worked as a brass-finisher, and lived in very humble circumstances, but he devoted much of his leisure to literary pursuits. He contributed to The Athenaeum...

Article

Chute, John (1701–1776), architect and connoisseur of the arts and literature, was born on 30 December 1701, the youngest in the family of five sons and five daughters of Edward Chute (1658–1722) of The Vyne, Sherborne, Hampshire, and his wife, Catherine, daughter of the lawyer ...

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Sir Sidney Colvin (1845–1927) by Alphonse Legros, 1893 © Copyright The British Museum

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Colvin, Sir Sidney (1845–1927), art and literary scholar and museum administrator, was born at Norwood, Surrey, on 18 June 1845, the youngest of the three children (all sons) who survived infancy of Bazett David Colvin (1805–1871), East India merchant, and his wife, Mary Steuart (1821–1902)...

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Ebsworth, Joseph Woodfall (1824–1908), literary editor and artist, was born on 2 September 1824 at 3 Gray's Walk, Lambeth, London, the younger son (of thirteen children) of Joseph Ebsworth (1788–1868), playwright and musician, and his wife, Mary Emma Ebsworth, née Fairbrother (1794–1881), also a playwright. In 1828 the family moved to ...

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Joseph Woodfall Ebsworth (1824–1908) by Maull & Fox, c. 1892–3 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Flatman, Thomas (1635–1688), miniature painter and man of letters, is said to have been the son of a clerk in the court of chancery. According to his horoscope he was born on 21 February 1635 (Bodleian Quarterly Record, 8) in either ...

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Thomas Flatman (1635–1688) attrib. Thomas Flatman (self-portrait), c. 1660 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Kenneth Mackay Monkman (1911–1998) by unknown photographer, 1969 [inspecting Laurence Sterne's gravestone in St Michael's churchyard, Coxwold] © Newsquest York Ltd (The Press)

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Monkman, Kenneth Mackay (1911–1998), book collector and restorer of Shandy Hall, Coxwold, was born on 17 April 1911 at 215 Warwick Road, Carlisle, the son of Wilfred Monkman (1879–1949), bank inspector, and his wife, Marion, née Mackay (1881–1962). The family soon moved to ...

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Mortimer, (Charles) Raymond Bell (1895–1980), writer on literature and art critic, was born at 62 Albert Gate Mansions, Knightsbridge, London, on 25 April 1895, the only child of Charles Edward Mortimer, a prosperous parliamentary solicitor of Devon stock, and his wife, (Marion) Josephine Cantrell...

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(Charles) Raymond Bell Mortimer (1895–1980) by Sir Cecil Beaton, 1942 © Cecil Beaton Archive, Sotheby's; collection National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Read, Sir Herbert Edward (1893–1968), poet, literary critic, and writer on art, was born on 4 December 1893 at Muscoates Grange, near Kirkby Moorside, in the North Riding of Yorkshire, the eldest of the four children of Herbert Edward Read (1868–1903), tenant farmer, and of ...

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Woof, Robert Samuel (1931–2005), literary scholar and museum director, was born on 20 April 1931 at Royal Albert Farm, Lancaster, the third child of William Woof, a progressive farm manager, and his wife, Annie, née Mason. He became head boy at Lancaster Royal Grammar School...