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Ali, Dusé Mohamed [known as Dusé Mohamed] (1866–1945), journalist and playwright, was born Mohamed Ali on 21 November 1866, in Alexandria, Egypt, the son of Abdul Salem Ali, otherwise Abbas Mohamed (d. 1882), an Egyptian army officer, and his Sudanese wife. In 1876 his father sent him to study in ...

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Ali, Sayyid Mumtaz (1860–1935), author and publisher, was born in 1860 near Deoband, Saharanpur district, United Provinces, India, the son of Sayyid Zulfiqar Ali, a landholder with ties to the ulama who founded the Deoband madrasa (or Islamic school) in 1866. His education began at an Arabic ...

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Mulk Raj Anand (1905–2004) by Howard Coster, 1930s © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Anand, Mulk Raj (1905–2004), author, was born in the city of Peshawar, North-West Frontier Province, India, on 12 December 1905, a kshatriya (warrior) by caste. His immediate ancestors were coppersmiths and silversmiths, though his father, Lal Chand, had broken away to become a clerk in the ...

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See Ali, Sayyid Mumtaz

Article

Faiz, Faiz Ahmed (1911–1984), poet in Pakistan, was born on 13 February 1911 at Kala Qadir, Narowal district, Punjab, the son of Khan Bahadur Sultan Muhammad Khan (d. 1913), landowner and lawyer, and his wife, Sultana Fatima. He started learning the Koran...

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Faris, Ahmad [Aḣmad Fāris; formerly Faris ibn Yusuf al-Shidyaq] (1805/6–1887), author and translator, was born in al-Hadath, Lebanon, the youngest of five sons of Abu Husayn Yusuf ibn Mansur al-Shidyaq (1762–1821), secretary and tutor of Lebanese chieftains, and his wife, the daughter of ...

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Fyzee, Atiya [married name Atiya Fyzee-Rahamin; known as Atiya Begum, and Shahinda] (1877–1967), author, social reformer, and patron of the arts, was born in Constantinople on 1 August 1877 into the prominent Tyabji clan, which was at the forefront of Bombay's...

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See Fyzee, Atiya [married name Atiya Fyzee-Rahamin; known as Atiya Begum, and Shahinda]

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Hosain, Attia Shahid (1913–1998), writer and broadcaster, was born on 20 October 1913 in Lucknow in United Provinces in northern India, one of five children of Shahid Hosain Kidwai. She belonged to one of the feudal landowning families, the talukdars, which in the twentieth century produced many prominent and distinguished men. Her father had studied at ...

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H. A. R. Gibb

revised by Francis Robinson

Iqbal, Sir Muhammad (1877–1938), philosopher and poet, was born at Sialkot in the Punjab on 9 November 1877. He was the younger son of Sheikh Nuruddin Muhammad, whose forebears were Hindu converts to Islam originally from Kashmir, and Imam Bibi, a devout woman of working-class background. He was educated at the ...

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Manto, Saadat Hasan (1912–1955), author in Pakistan, was born on 11 May 1912 in Sumaira, in the Ludhiana district of the Punjab, British India, the son of Ghulam Hasan Manto (1855–1930), judge, and his second (concurrent) wife, Sardar. He had a sister, Nasira Iqbal...

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D. J. O'Donoghue

revised by Jason Edwards

Norcott, William (1770?c. 1820), satirist, was educated at Trinity College, Dublin, where he graduated BA in 1795, proceeding LLB in 1801, and LLD in 1806. He was called to the Irish bar in 1797, and practised with some success for a time, but was not entirely committed to a career in law, preferring instead various kinds of social amusements....

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Pickthall, Marmaduke William (1875–1936), writer and translator, was born on 7 April 1875 in Cambridge Terrace, London, the eldest of the two sons of the Revd Charles Grayson Pickthall (1822–1881), rector of Chillesford in Suffolk, and his second wife, Mary Hale, née O'Brien (1836–1904)...

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Selim Aga (c. 1826–1875), freed slave, autobiographer, and explorer, was born in the Muslim kingdom of Taquali, in the Nuba Mountains of Sudan, about 1826. The son of a prosperous farmer, he was destined to inherit the family property, but about the age of nine or ten, while tending his father's sheep, he was captured by raiding Arab slavers. After much ill-treatment and being sold to various masters he was transported over ...

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Kalim Siddiqui (1933–1996) by Michael Powell © News International Newspapers Ltd

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Siddiqui, Kalim (1933–1996), journalist and Muslim activist, was born on 2 July 1933 near Hyderabad, Deccan, India, one of a family of ten children. While he was still a small child the family moved to Sultanpur, a town between Allahabad and Fyzabad in ...