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Dartasso, Janico (d. 1426), adventurer, was born in Navarre, of Basque descent; he is first mentioned in 1367–8, while serving in the garrison of Cherbourg, then in the possession of Charles d'Évreux, king of Navarre. It seems likely that he remained at Cherbourg...

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Gregor MacGregor (1786–1845) by Samuel William Reynolds senior (after Simon Jacques Rochard) © National Portrait Gallery, London

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MacGregor, Gregor (1786–1845), soldier and adventurer, was the grandson of Gregor MacGregor Drummond who had enlisted in the forerunner of the Black Watch (then Sempill's Highlanders), served abroad with distinction, and been instrumental in obtaining the repeal of legislation which had outlawed the clan ...

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Mercadier (d. 1200), adventurer and mercenary, rose from obscure Provençal origins to become a general and intimate of Richard I. He receives his first mention in October 1183 fighting for Richard against rebellious lords in Aquitaine following the death of Henry, the Young King...

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Montmorency [Mount Maurice], Hervey de (fl. c. 1135–c. 1189), adventurer, became involved in Ireland through his association with his nephew, Richard fitz Gilbert de Clare (c. 1130–1176), earl of Pembroke and lord of Striguil (Strongbow). Their relationship stemmed from the marriage of ...

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Pereira, George Edward (1865–1923), army officer and explorer, was born on 26 January 1865, at 4 Upper Portland Place, Marylebone, London. He was the second of four children and eldest son of Edward Pereira (1817–1872), gentleman, of 23 Grosvenor Square, and his wife, the ...

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Robert fitz Stephen (d. before 1192), adventurer, was the son of Stephen, constable of Cardigan Castle, and of Nest (d. c. 1130), daughter of Rhys ap Tewdwr, king of Deheubarth, who also had children with Gerald of Windsor and Henry I. Robert therefore was a maternal uncle of ...

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Schomberg, Reginald Charles Francis (1880–1958), army officer and explorer, was born on 19 September 1880 at 4 Russell Terrace, Lower Walmer, Kent, the elder of two children, and only son, of Reginald Brodrick Schomberg (1849–1932), barrister, and his wife, Frances Sophia (1839–1922), daughter of ...

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Sherley [Shirley], Anthony [known as Sir Anthony Sherley], Count Sherley in the nobility of the Holy Roman empire (1565–1636?), adventurer and diplomat in the Persian service, was born at the family estate of Wiston in Sussex, one of nine children of Sir Thomas Sherley (c. 1542–1612)...

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Anthony Sherley, Count Sherley in the nobility of the Holy Roman empire (1565–?1636) by Aegidius Sadeler, pubd 1612 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Wynne, Peter (d. 1609), soldier and colonist in Virginia, very probably came of a Welsh family that lived near the town of Mold in Flintshire. The first evidence of his existence dates from 1586, when Sir William Stanley commissioned him to captain a company of troops that belonged to the army of ...