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Adams, Gladstone (1880–1966), motorist and inventor of a windscreen wiper, was born on 16 May 1880 at 4 St Ann's Row, Newcastle upon Tyne, son of John Adams, metal merchant, and his wife, Agnes, née M'Gregor, and was educated at Rutherford College, Newcastle...

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Alexander, Walter (1879–1959), bus operator, was born on 2 May 1879 at Bonnybridge, Falkirk, son of Robert Alexander, a carter, and his wife, Elizabeth, née Stirling. In 1902 the family opened a general store at Camelon, near Falkirk, which also sold, hired, and repaired bicycles. In 1913 ...

Article

Thompson Cooper

revised by Anne Pimlott Baker

Anderson, John (1747–1820), merchant and stagecoach operator, was born in western Scotland in very humble circumstances, the son of David Anderson, of Portland. He moved to Glasgow, and after making £500 through dealing in herring he moved to Cork, in 1780, and became an export merchant....

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Louise Bazalgette (1845/66–1918) by Argent Archer, 1900 [with her mechanic Clarkson in her 3 hp Benz Ideal in the Thousand Mile Trial] © reserved

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Bazalgette [née Seville], Louise (1845/6–1918), motorist, was born in Essex, one of the two daughters of John Seville, farmer. Little is known of her education and early life. She was resident in Marylebone, London, when she married, on 9 April 1870, George Bazalgette (1829–1885)...

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Bruce [née Petre], Mildred Mary (1895–1990), motorist and aviator, was born on 10 November 1895 at Margaretting, Ingatestone, Essex, the daughter of Lawrence Joseph Petre (1864–1944), landowner, of Coptfold Hall, Essex, and his wife, Jennie Maginness, née Williams (d. 1943), an actress. She was educated at the convent of ...

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Frank Hedges Butler (1855–1928) by William Morris, 1923 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

H. A. Jones

revised by Julian Lock

Butler, Frank Hedges (1855–1928), motorist and aviator, was born in London on 17 December 1855, the fifth son of James Butler, wine merchant, of Hollywood, Wimbledon Park, and his wife, Frances Mary, eldest daughter of William Hedges. He was educated at private schools at ...

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Sir (Ernest George) Stenson Cooke (1874–1942) by Howard Coster, 1937 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Cooke, Sir (Ernest George) Stenson (1874–1942), secretary of the Automobile Association and fencer, was born Ernest George Cooke at 9 Shrubland Road, Haggerstone, London, on 5 October 1874, the second of the three children of Silas Cooke (1850–1925), a clerk who worked in a stationer's business and who later became a dealer in wine, and his wife, ...

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Henry Croft (1861–1930) by unknown artist, c.1930 © Mary Evans Picture Library

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Croft, Henry [called the Original Pearly King] (1861–1930), road sweeper and founder of the pearly tradition, was born on 24 May 1861 at St Pancras workhouse, 4 King's Road (later St Pancras Way), Somers Town, London, the son of Henry Croft (1828/9–1871?)...

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Evans, Evan (1882–1965), coach tour operator and local politician, was born on 8 November 1882 in Glanyrafon, Betws Leucu, Cardiganshire, the eldest of the six surviving children of David Evans, a tenant farmer, and his wife, Elizabeth, née Davies. After leaving Llangeitho school...

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Hickmott, Harold Edward (1881–1947), motor bus operator, was born on 8 May 1881 at Marden, Moorgate Grove, Rotherham, Yorkshire, the son of Edward Hickmott, master grocer, and his wife, Rebecca, née Dawes. Nothing else is known about his early life; but Hickmott trained as an engineer at the ...

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Thomas Hobson (1545–1631) by unknown artist [original, 1629] © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Thompson Cooper

revised by Dorian Gerhold

Hobson, Thomas (1545–1631), carrier, was the elder son of Thomas Hobson and his wife, Elinor. His birthplace has been stated as Buntingford, Hertfordshire, on the strength of his father's having been born there, but a note on the back of a contemporary petition relating to ...

Article

Horne, Benjamin Worthy (1804–1870), coach proprietor, was the eldest son of William Horne, and his wife, Mary. William Horne (1783–1828) was originally a painter, and entered the innkeeping and coaching trade following an advantageous marriage to Mary Worthy, daughter of a wealthy wheelwright. Subsequently, in 1812, he purchased the ...

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Howe, Francis Richard Henry Penn Curzon, fifth Earl Howe (1884–1964), politician and motorist, was born at Penn, Buckinghamshire, on 1 May 1884, the only son of Richard George Penn Curzon Howe, fourth Earl Howe (1861–1929), MP for the High Wycombe division of Buckinghamshire...

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William Rees Jeffreys (1871–1954) by Lafayette, 1954 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Jeffreys, William Rees (1871–1954), promoter of roads and road transport, was born at 7 Warwick Place, Paddington, London, on 1 December 1871, the eldest of the four children of William George Jeffreys (1839/40–1890), upholsterer, and his wife, Mary Ann, née Garratt (1843/4–1919), sometime servant, toy dealer, and boarding-house keeper. Though included in ...