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Anderson, Sir James Caleb, first baronet (1792–1861), promoter of steam coaches, was born on 21 July 1792, the eldest son of the two sons and a daughter of John Anderson (1747–1820) and his second wife, Elizabeth (d. 1830), only daughter of James Semple...

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Bamford, Joseph Cyril (1916–2001), engineer and businessman, was born on 21 June 1916 at The Parks, New Road, Uttoxeter, Staffordshire, the son of Cyril Joseph Bamford, agricultural engineer, and his wife, Dolores Alice, née Turner. His family controlled and managed a long-established farm machinery business. The company, which manufactured balers and other equipment, had been started by his great-great-grandfather in 1812. He was brought up a Roman Catholic. After education at ...

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Joseph Cyril Bamford (1916–2001) by Lucinda Douglas-Menzies, 1989 © Lucinda Douglas-Menzies; collection National Portrait Gallery, London

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Walter Owen Bentley (1888–1971) by unknown photographer, 1969 © reserved; collection Science & Society Picture Library; photograph National Portrait Gallery, London

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Bentley, Walter Owen (1888–1971), designer and racer of motor cars, was born on 16 September 1888 at 78 Avenue Road, Hampstead, London, the youngest in the family of six sons and three daughters of Alfred Bentley, retired businessman of London, and his wife, ...

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Blackmore, Frank Cuendet (1916–2008), road traffic engineer, was born on 16 February 1916 at La Maison Lugon, rue Michelet, Fort National (later Larbaa Nath Irathen), Algeria, the third of four children of a British father, Josiah Thomas Cullum Blackmore (1880–1961), a Plymouth Brethren...

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Bond, Lawrence (1907–1974), engineer and motor vehicle designer, was born at 5 Penwortham Hill, Penwortham, Preston, Lancashire, on 2 August 1907, the son of Frederick Charles Bond (1873–1963), a clothing maker who became a well-known local historian and artist, and his wife, Margaret Ellen, ...

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(Anthony) Colin Bruce Chapman (1928–1982) by Godfrey Argent, 1969 © Godfrey Argent Studios; collection National Portrait Gallery, London

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Chapman, (Anthony) Colin Bruce (1928–1982), racing car designer and motor manufacturer, was born at Richmond, Surrey, on 19 May 1928, the only son of Stanley Frank Kennedy-Chapman, licensed caterer, of Muswell Hill, and his wife, (Lillian) Mary Bruce. Having been educated at the ...

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Coatalen, Louis Hervé (1879–1962), designer of cars and aero-engines, was born on 11 September 1879 at Concarneau, Finistère, the second son of a hotelier and wheelwright, François Marie Coatalen, and his wife, Louise Le Bris. From grammar school at Brest, he went to the ...

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Cooper, John Newton (1923–2000), racing car engineer, was born at 49 Fassett Road, Kingston upon Thames, Surrey, on 17 July 1923, the son of Charles Newton Cooper (1893–1964), motor engineer, and Violet Elsie (née Paul). Educated at Surbiton county school, he left at fifteen to become apprenticed to one of his father's toolmaking companies. He moved on to another company specializing in naval equipment, then spent the Second World War as an aircraft instrument maker, serving in the ...

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Albert William Denly (1900–1989) by unknown photographer, 1923 image courtesy of Brooklands Museum Archive

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Denly, Albert William [Bert] (1900–1989), motorcycle racer and motor engineer, was born in Wisley, Surrey, on 1 June 1900, the only son of James Denly (d. 1918), a bricklayer's labourer on the Wisley estate, and his wife, Ellen, née Woolger (1865/6–1920). Aged fourteen he left the local village school to become an apprentice to the butcher in ...

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Duckworth, (David) Keith (1933–2005), automotive engineer, was born at 112 Accrington Road, Blackburn, Lancashire, on 10 August 1933, the son of Frank Duckworth, a textile engineer who also sold cotton cloth on the Manchester cotton exchange, and his wife, Emma, née Hardman, a cooker demonstrator in ...

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B. W. Best

revised by Trevor I. Williams

Dunlop, John Boyd (1840–1921), inventor of the pneumatic tyre, was born on 5 February 1840 at Dreghorn, Ayrshire, the son of a farmer, John Dunlop, and his wife, Agnes, née Boyd. As a boy he attended the local parish school and, being considered too delicate for farm work, was allowed to continue his studies at ...

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John Boyd Dunlop (1840–1921) by unknown photographer photograph courtesy of Dunlop Tyres Ltd

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Albert Arthur Molteno Durrant (1898–1984) by Walter Bird, c.1960 © TfL from the London Transport Museum collection

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Durrant, Albert Arthur Molteno [Bill] (1898–1984), mechanical engineer and vehicle designer, was born at Wellington Lodge, Gowlett Road, East Dulwich, London, on 11 September 1898, the only child of Arthur Isaac Durrant (1864–1939), staff clerk in the Office of Works, and his wife, ...

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Engelbach, Charles Richard Fox (1876–1943), motor engineer, was born on 20 May 1876 in Kensington, London, son of Lewis William Engelbach, a clerk in the War Office, and his wife, Jessie Bryan. He left Sandringham School at Southport, Lancashire, when he was sixteen and was apprenticed at the great armaments manufacturer ...

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Frood, Herbert (1864–1931), inventor and manufacturer, was born in Balby, Doncaster, Yorkshire, on 7 March 1864, the fourth of the six children of Charles Trefusis Frood (1827–1881), draper's commercial traveller, and his wife, Amelia, née Blackwell (1830–1869). No information about his education survives, but as a boy he enjoyed making wagons and cranes, and his ambition always was to be an engineer. Aged fourteen he was apprenticed to a small firm in ...