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Adams, Gladstone (1880–1966), motorist and inventor of a windscreen wiper, was born on 16 May 1880 at 4 St Ann's Row, Newcastle upon Tyne, son of John Adams, metal merchant, and his wife, Agnes, née M'Gregor, and was educated at Rutherford College, Newcastle...

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Daniel Albone (1860–1906) by unknown photographer, c.1902 © Biggleswade History Society

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Albone, Daniel [Dan] (1860–1906), cycle and motor tractor manufacturer, was born at the Ongley Arms inn, Shortmead Street, Biggleswade, Bedfordshire, on 12 September 1860, the fourth son and youngest of eight children of Edward Albone (d. 1864), publican and market gardener, and his wife, ...

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See Alexander, Walter

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Alexander, Walter (1879–1959), bus operator, was born on 2 May 1879 at Bonnybridge, Falkirk, son of Robert Alexander, a carter, and his wife, Elizabeth, née Stirling. In 1902 the family opened a general store at Camelon, near Falkirk, which also sold, hired, and repaired bicycles. In 1913 ...

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Alper, Samuel [Sam] (1924–2002), caravan manufacturer, was born on 25 April 1924 at 351 Queens Road, Plaistow, Essex, the son of Morris Alper and his wife, Lily, née Levy. His father was described as a draper on Alper's birth certificate but as a hairdresser on his second marriage certificate. ...

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Anderson, Sir James Caleb, first baronet (1792–1861), promoter of steam coaches, was born on 21 July 1792, the eldest son of the two sons and a daughter of John Anderson (1747–1820) and his second wife, Elizabeth (d. 1830), only daughter of James Semple...

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Thompson Cooper

revised by Anne Pimlott Baker

Anderson, John (1747–1820), merchant and stagecoach operator, was born in western Scotland in very humble circumstances, the son of David Anderson, of Portland. He moved to Glasgow, and after making £500 through dealing in herring he moved to Cork, in 1780, and became an export merchant....

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Herbert Austin, Baron Austin (1866–1941) by Walter Stoneman, 1937 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Austin, Herbert, Baron Austin (1866–1941), engineer and motor vehicle manufacturer, was born on 8 November 1866 at Grange Farm, Deep Mill Lane, Little Missenden, Buckinghamshire, the second of five children of Giles Stevens Austin, a farmer, and his wife, Clara Jane, daughter of ...

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Aveling, Thomas (1824–1882), engineer and manufacturer of steamrollers, was born at Elm, near Wisbech, on 11 September 1824, the eldest of three sons. He came from an old-established Cambridgeshire family, but he moved to Rochester in Kent as a boy, when his widowed mother remarried. About 1836 he was apprenticed to a farmer, ...

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Bamford, Joseph Cyril (1916–2001), engineer and businessman, was born on 21 June 1916 at The Parks, New Road, Uttoxeter, Staffordshire, the son of Cyril Joseph Bamford, agricultural engineer, and his wife, Dolores Alice, née Turner. His family controlled and managed a long-established farm machinery business. The company, which manufactured balers and other equipment, had been started by his great-great-grandfather in 1812. He was brought up a Roman Catholic. After education at ...

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Joseph Cyril Bamford (1916–2001) by Lucinda Douglas-Menzies, 1989 © Lucinda Douglas-Menzies; collection National Portrait Gallery, London

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Barber, John Norman Romney (1919–2004), motor industry executive, was born on 22 April 1919 at 24 Cranleigh Drive, Leigh-on-Sea, Essex, the son of George Ernest Barber, master builder, and Gladys Eleanor, née Tassie. He was educated at Westcliff high school, Westcliff-on-Sea, and read economics at ...

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Bartlett, Sir Charles John (1889–1955), motor vehicle manufacturer, was born on 12 December 1889 at Bibury, Gloucestershire, the son of George Bartlett, a miller journeyman, and Elizabeth, née Stevens. After attending the village school in Bibury he completed his formal education at Bath Technical College...

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Baxendale, Joseph (1785–1872), transport entrepreneur, was born at Lancaster on 28 September 1785, the eldest child in a family of two sons and two daughters of Josiah Baxendale (1761–1835) of Castle Hill, Lancaster, surgeon, and his wife, Mabella (1756–1829), daughter of Thomas Salisbury...

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Baxendale, Lloyd Henry (1858–1937), road transport entrepreneur, was born on 3 February 1858 at Totteridge, Hertfordshire, the eldest son of Lloyd Baxendale, gentleman, and his wife, Ellen, née Turner. Although born into an active transport dynasty, his education was that of a member of the upper class, ...

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Louise Bazalgette (1845/66–1918) by Argent Archer, 1900 [with her mechanic Clarkson in her 3 hp Benz Ideal in the Thousand Mile Trial] © reserved

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Bazalgette [née Seville], Louise (1845/6–1918), motorist, was born in Essex, one of the two daughters of John Seville, farmer. Little is known of her education and early life. She was resident in Marylebone, London, when she married, on 9 April 1870, George Bazalgette (1829–1885)...

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Beach, Harold Henry (1913–2010), engineer and car designer, was born on 15 February 1913 at 10 Malvern Villas, Willesden Lane, Acton, London, the only son of Henry Beach, coach builder, and his wife, Maud Mary, née Carter. He was educated privately and later studied engineering at a technical college. In 1928 he embarked on his career in the automotive industry when he became an apprentice draughtsman on a wage of ...