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John Baskerville (1706–1775) by James Millar, 1774 Birmingham Museums & Art Gallery

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Baskerville, John (1706–1775), printer and typefounder, was born at Sion Hill, Wolverley, near Kidderminster, Worcestershire, the son of John Baskervile (d. 1738) and his wife, Sara or Sarah; he was baptized at Wolverley on 28 January 1707. It is likely that the family were landowners and farmers in a small way. In later life ...

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Elizabeth Caslon (1730–1795) by William Satchwell Leney (after Charles Catton the elder) © National Portrait Gallery, London

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See Caslon [née Cartlich], Elizabeth

Article

Caslon [née Cartlich], Elizabeth (1730–1795), typefounder, was born in Foster Lane, London, on 31 May 1730, the daughter of William Cartlich, refiner, of Foster Lane, and his wife, Elizabeth. She was baptized on 4 June at St John Zachary, London. On 25 June 1751 she married ...

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William Caslon the elder (1692–1766) by John Faber junior (after Francis Kyte, 1740) © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Caslon, William, the elder (1692–1766), typefounder, was born at Cradley, Worcestershire, the son of George Caslon (d. 1709), shoemaker, of nearby Halesowen, and Mary Steven. George was the son of William Castledowne, also a shoemaker of Halesowen, and an earlier form of the family surname, recorded in ...

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See Caslon, William, the elder

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H. R. Tedder

revised by A. P. Woolrich

Fry, Edmund (1754–1835), typefounder, was born at Bristol, the son of Joseph Fry (1728–1787), chocolate manufacturer and typefounder, and his wife, Anna, née Portsmouth (1719/20–1803), daughter of Henry Portsmouth MD of Basingstoke, Hampshire. He studied medicine, took the degree of MD at Edinburgh...

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Edmund Fry (1757–1835) by unknown artist © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Fry, Joseph (1728–1787), chocolate manufacturer and typefounder, was born into a devout Quaker family in 1728, the eldest son of John Fry (d. 1775), a shopkeeper of Sutton Benger, Wiltshire. He was educated at a Quaker boarding-school in the north of England...

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Jackson, Joseph (1733–1792), typefounder, was born in Old Street, Shoreditch, London, on 4 September 1733, the son of James Jackson, feltmaker; he may have been the child baptized the following day at St Giles Cripplegate as the son of James and Alice Jackson...

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Vivienne W. Painting

Martin, William (d. 1815), typefounder, was probably born in Birmingham, the son of a local printer whose family originally came from Scotland. It is likely that William began work at John Baskerville's type foundry at Easy Hill, Birmingham, where his brother, Robert, was ...

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George Stronach

revised by Roger Hutchins

Wilson, Alexander (1714–1786), astronomer and type founder, son of Patrick Wilson, town clerk of St Andrews, and Clara Fairfoul, his wife, was born at St Andrews, Fife. His father died when he was very young. He studied at the university there, and graduated MA on 8 May 1733. He was then apprenticed to a surgeon and apothecary, first in ...