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Das [née Sarbadhikari], Krishnabhabini (1864–1919), author and social activist, was born in 1864 in a traditional Hindu zamindari household in Chowa, Murshidabad district, Bengal, the only child of Joynarayan Sarbadhikari. It was not usual to educate girls in the village and Krishnabhabini's...

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Gaikwar [Gaekwar], Sayaji Rao [Sayaji Rao], maharaja of Baroda (1863–1939), social reformer, was born on 11 March 1863 at Kavlana in Nasik district of Bombay presidency, and named Gopal Rao, the second son of Kashi Rao, a village headman, who belonged to the ...

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Sayaji Rao Gaikwar, maharaja of Baroda (1863–1939) by unknown photographer © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Gandhi, Mohandas Karamchand [known as Mahatma Gandhi] (1869–1948), political leader and religious and social reformer, was born in Porbandar, Kathiawar, western India, on 2 October 1869, to Karamchand Uttamchand Gandhi and his fourth wife, Putlibai: he was the youngest of the one daughter and three sons of the marriage....

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Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi [Mahatma Gandhi] (1869–1948) by Margaret Bourke-White, 1946 Köln, Museum Ludwig / Rheinisches Bildarchiv Köln

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Ramabai, Pandita Mary Saraswati [née Ramabai Dongre] (1858–1922), social reformer and writer, was born on 23 April 1858 in Gangamul, near Mangalore, India, the youngest of the six children (of whom three survived infancy) of Anant Shastri Dongre, Sanskrit scholar, and his second wife, ...

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Vidyasagar, Iswarchandra (1820–1891), social reformer and Sanskrit scholar, the eldest son of Thakurdas Bandyopadhyay and Bhagavati Devi, was born on 26 September 1820 in the village of Birsimha, Midnapore district, Bengal. The name Vidyasagar is actually an academic title, conferred on him in 1839 when he passed the examination in Hindu law from ...