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Henry Croft (1861–1930) by unknown artist, c.1930 © Mary Evans Picture Library

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Croft, Henry [called the Original Pearly King] (1861–1930), road sweeper and founder of the pearly tradition, was born on 24 May 1861 at St Pancras workhouse, 4 King's Road (later St Pancras Way), Somers Town, London, the son of Henry Croft (1828/9–1871?)...

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Crossley, Francis William (1839–1897), engine manufacturer and philanthropist, and his brother, Sir William John Crossley first baronet (1844–1911), were born in Antrim, the sons of Major Francis Crossley (1787–1846) of Glenburn, Dunmurry, Antrim, and his second wife, Elizabeth Helen Irwin, whom he married in 1837. ...

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Robert McVey Dollar (1844–1932) by unknown photographer © reserved

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Dollar, Robert McVey (1844–1932), shipowner and philanthropist, was born at Falkirk, Stirlingshire, on 20 March 1844 (and baptized there on 5 April), the eldest son of William Dollar (d. 1873) and his wife, Mary Wilson, née Melville (1814/15–1853). His father managed the timber yard of his father-in-law, ...

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Ferres, Thomas (1568/9–1631), master mariner and benefactor, was probably born at Glaisdale near Danby in the North Riding of Yorkshire. Nothing is known of his parents (a brother and two sisters outlived him), but his brother was a yeoman and his background was modest. As a young man ...

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James Burnley

revised by A. W. H. Pearsall

Green, Richard (1803–1863), shipowner and philanthropist, was born on 5 December 1803, probably in the family house in Blackwall Yard, Poplar, London, the fourth child, and third son, of George Green (1767–1849), shipbuilder, and his first wife, Sarah Perry (1774–1805), daughter of John Perry...

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Hills, Arnold Frank (1857–1927), shipbuilder and philanthropist, was born at Denmark Hill, London, on 12 March 1857, the youngest son of Frank Clarke Hills and his wife, Ann Ellen, daughter of James Rawlings. His father had made a fortune as a manufacturing chemist and acquired a large interest in the ...

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Measom, Sir George Samuel (1818–1901), publisher and philanthropist, was born in Blackheath, Kent, on 3 December 1818, and baptized in St Alfege, Greenwich, on 12 July 1819, perhaps the eldest of the five children of Daniel Measom (b. c.1790), carver and gilder, and his wife, ...

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William Richard Morris, Viscount Nuffield (1877–1963) by Walter Stoneman, 1934 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Morris, William Richard, Viscount Nuffield (1877–1963), motor manufacturer and benefactor, was born on 10 October 1877 in the parish of St John, Worcester, the eldest son of Frederick Morris (1849–1916) from Witney and his wife, Emily Ann (d. 1934), daughter of Richard Pether...

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J. K. Laughton

revised by Randolph Cock

Paulet, Harry (d. 1804), supposed seaman and benefactor, details of whose birth and parentage are unknown, is said to have been the master of a small vessel trading to North America before his capture by the French in 1758. Paulet's knowledge of the ...

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Pearce, Sir William George, second baronet (1861–1907), shipbuilder and philanthropist, was born at Chatham, Kent, on 23 July 1861, the only child of Sir William Pearce, first baronet (1833–1888), and his wife, Dinah Elizabeth, daughter of Robert Socoter of Gravesend, Kent. He was educated at ...

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Pearson, Zachariah Charles (1821–1891), shipowner and philanthropist, was born in Sutton Row, Hull, on 28 August 1821, the eighth of the ten children of Zachariah Pearson, merchant, and his wife, Elizabeth. After the death of his mother in childbirth in 1825 he was taken into his uncle's household, but at the age of twelve he ran away to sea. The stowaway was quickly found and returned to complete his education at ...

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Zachariah Charles Pearson (1821–1891) English School, 19th cent. Hull and East Riding Museum / Bridgeman Art Library

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Smith, Sir William Reardon, first baronet (1856–1935), shipowner and philanthropist, was born at Appledore, Devon, on 7 August 1856, the youngest of nine children of Thomas Smith (1810–1859), master of the schooner Hazard, and his wife, Elizabeth (d. 1906), the daughter of ...

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Tata, Jehangir Ratanji Dadabhoy (1904–1993), aviator, industrialist, and philanthropist, was born in Paris on 29 July 1904, the second of five children of the Parsi industrialist Ratanji Dadabhai Tata (1856–1926) and his French wife, Suzanne, née Brière (1880–1923), who, upon marriage, was given by her husband the Parsi name ...

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See White family

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See White family