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Abrams, Mark Alexander [formerly Max Alexander Abramowitz] (1906–1994), social scientist, was born at 57 Balfour Road, Edmonton, London, on 27 April 1906, one of eight children born to Abraham (Abram) Abramowitz, also known as Abramovich or Abrams, and his wife, Annie (Hannah), ...

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Adler, Henrietta [Nettie] (1868–1950), social worker and Jewish political activist, was born in London on 1 December 1868, the elder daughter of Rabbi Dr Hermann Adler (1839–1911) and his wife, Rachel Joseph (d. 1912). Her father was the son of Dr Nathan Marcus Adler...

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Alex, (Edward) Ephraim (1800–1882), founder of the Jewish Board of Guardians, was born on 12 December 1800 in St Katherine in the City of London. He was the eldest surviving son of Solomon Alex, dentist, of 11 Finsbury Place, Finsbury, and 21 Jewry Street, Aldgate...

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Bamber [née Balmuth], Helen Rae (1925–2014), human rights advocate and psychotherapist, was born at Westminster Hospital, London, on 1 May 1925, the only child of Louis Balmuth (1887–1961), accountant, and his wife Marie, née Bader (1895–1969), a singer. At the time of her birth registration her parents, both of Polish-Jewish descent, lived at ...

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Baron, Bernhard (1850–1929), tobacco manufacturer and philanthropist, was born on 5 December 1850 in the Russian town of Brest Litovsk. His parents were both Jewish and he was probably of French descent. In 1867 he emigrated to New York, where he worked in a tobacco factory, sleeping at night in the tobacco sheds; with tobacco lent to him by one of the foremen, he started to manufacture handmade cigarettes. He then moved to ...

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Beer, Esmond Samuel de (1895–1990), historian and benefactor, was born on 15 September 1895 in Dunedin, South Island, New Zealand, the second son and fourth and youngest child of Isidore Samuel de Beer (1860–1934), merchant, and his wife, Emily (1864–1930), daughter of Bendix Hallenstein...

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Peter James Henry Benenson (1921–2005) by Carolyn Djanogly, 1999 © Carolyn Djanogly; collection National Portrait Gallery, London

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Benenson, Peter James Henry (1921–2005), barrister and human rights campaigner, was born on 31 July 1921 at 6 Albert Court, Knightsbridge, London, the only child of Lieutenant-Colonel Harold Josiah Solomon (1885–1930), army officer, and his wife, Flora (1895–1984), daughter of the Jewish Russian banker ...

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Bernstein, Basil Bernard (1924–2000), sociologist, was born on 1 November 1924 at 189 Oxford Street, Mile End Old Town, London, the son of Bertram Bernstein, furrier, and his wife, Julia, née Park. He was originally named Bernard Basil, but reversed the order of his forenames. He was brought up in the ...

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Leopold Bernhard Bonn (1850–1929) by Lienhard & Salzborn Royal National Institute for the Deaf

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Bonn, Leopold Bernhard (1850–1929), banker and philanthropist, was born on 3 August 1850 in Frankfurt am Main, Germany, the ninth child of Baruch Bonn, a prominent Jewish banker. He was privately educated. After the annexation of Frankfurt by Prussia in 1866, Bonn applied for denaturalization and moved to ...

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See Burton, Sir Montague Maurice [formerly Meshe David Osinsky]

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Sir (Benn) Jack Brunel Cohen (1886–1965) by Bassano, 1948 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Cohen, Sir (Benn) Jack Brunel (1886–1965), campaigner for former servicemen, was born at Ethelstone, Alexandra Drive, Toxteth Park, Liverpool, on 5 October 1886, the sixth son of nine children (one of whom did not survive infancy) of Louis Samuel Cohen (1844/5–1922) and his wife, ...

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Cohen, Hannah Floretta (1875–1946), philanthropist and civil servant, was born at 63 Queen's Gardens, Kensington, London, on 25 May 1875, the only daughter of Sir Benjamin Louis Cohen, baronet (1844–1909). Her father was a great-grandson of Levi Barent Cohen, an Amsterdam merchant who had settled in ...

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Cohen [née Waley], Julia Matilda (1853–1917), community worker and educationist, was born on 6 September 1853 at 20 Wimpole Street, Marylebone, Middlesex, the daughter of Professor Jacob Waley (1818–1873), conveyancing counsel to the court of chancery and the first holder of the chair of political economy at ...

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Cohen, Stanley [Stan] (1942–2013), sociologist and criminologist, was born on 23 February 1942 in Johannesburg, South Africa, the eldest son of Ray Cohen, a businessman who had arrived from Lithuania in the wave of immigration in the 1920s and 1930s, and his wife, ...

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Cuffe [née Bischoffsheim], Ellen Odette, countess of Desart (1857–1933), philanthropist and politician, was born at 18 Cornwall Terrace, Marylebone, London, on 1 September 1857, the eldest of two daughters of Henry Louis Bischoffsheim (1829–1908), banker and philanthropist, and his wife, Clara (or Clarissa) Biedermann (1837–1922)...

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Duveen, Joseph Joel, Baron Duveen (1869–1939), art dealer and benefactor, was born at 31 Myton Gate, Hull on 14 October 1869, the eldest of the ten sons and four daughters of Sir Joseph Joel Duveen (1843–1908) and his wife, Rosetta, daughter of Abraham Barnett...

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Joseph Joel Duveen, Baron Duveen (1869–1939) by Walter Tittle, 1920s? © National Portrait Gallery, London