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Beckett, Edmund [formerly Edmund Beckett Denison], first Baron Grimthorpe (1816–1905), ecclesiastical controversialist, architect, and horologist, was born at Carlton Hall, near Newark, on 12 May 1816, the eldest son of Sir Edmund Beckett, fourth baronet (1787–1874), later MP for the West Riding...

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Edmund Beckett, first Baron Grimthorpe (1816–1905) by unknown photographer by courtesy of the British Horological Institute Limited; original on display at the Upton Hall Time Museum, Upton, Newark, Nottinghamshire; photograph © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Cole, Humfrey (d. 1591), mathematical instrument maker and die sinker, described himself as 'a English man born in ye north' (on a map of Palestine engraved in 1572), but neither the date or place of his birth nor his parents are known. Although the form of his name varies on his signed works, '...

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Gemini [Geminus, Lambrit], Thomas (fl. 1540–1562), engraver, printer, and instrument maker, was the publisher of a compendium of anatomy entitled Compendiosa totius anatomie delineatio (1545), whose own copper-engravings were copied from the De humani corporis fabrica libri septem and De humani corporis fabrica librorum epitome...

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Howlett, Samuel Burt (1794–1874), surveyor and inventor of scientific instruments, was born in London on 10 July 1794, the only son of Samuel Howlett of Gracechurch Street, and his wife Ann née Burt. After leaving school at thirteen, he secured, through the influence of an uncle with military connections, an apprenticeship with the royal military surveyors and draughtsmen. He became a cadet on 20 August 1808 and each day attended the drawing-room of the ...

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Pingo family (per. c. 1690–1815), clockmakers, engravers, and medallists, was established in London in the 1670s. It is believed that the name Pingo or Pingoe—as it was formerly, and occasionally, styled—comes from Devon, where members of the Pyncowe, Pinchoe, and Pinkoe families were living between the 1480s and 1640s....

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Ryther, Augustine (d. 1593), map engraver and maker of scientific instruments, is of unknown origin. The Dictionary of National Biography, apparently following the Yorkshire antiquary Ralph Thoresby, suggested that he was a native of Leeds; however, no firm evidence can now be found for this, and the idea perhaps rests on his later association with ...

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Stokes, Gabriel (bap. 1682, d. 1768), mathematical instrument maker and surveyor, was baptized on 23 April 1682 at St Nicholas Within, Dublin, and was the son of John Stokes (b. c.1651), a tailor, of the White Lion, Dublin; his mother is unknown. The family may have originally come from ...

Article

Varley, Cornelius (1781–1873), landscape painter and inventor of optical apparatus, was born on 21 November 1781 at the Blue Post tavern in Mare Street, Hackney, the third of five children of Richard Varley (d. 1791) and his second wife, Hannah Fleetwood, a descendant of ...