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H. T. Wood

revised by Ralph Harrington

Adams, William Bridges (1797–1872), railway engineer, was born in Westminster, London, on 26 May 1797, the son of William Adams, a coach builder, and his wife, Ann. He showed an early aptitude for engineering. On 30 November 1818 he married Elizabeth, daughter of the radical ...

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See Armstrong, Joseph

Article

Armstrong, Joseph (1816–1877), locomotive engineer, was born on 21 September 1816 at Bewcastle, Cumberland, the son of Thomas Armstrong (1785–1844), yeoman and later farm bailiff, and his wife. Joseph and his three older brothers went with their parents in 1817 to Canada where his brother ...

Article

G. Temple

revised by Anita McConnell

Bairstow, Sir Leonard (1880–1963), aeronautical engineer, was born on 25 June 1880 at Halifax in Yorkshire, the son of Uriah Bairstow, a commercial clerk, and his wife, Elizabeth Lister. He attended schools in Halifax, from where he went, in 1898, on a scholarship to the ...

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Bamford, Joseph Cyril (1916–2001), engineer and businessman, was born on 21 June 1916 at The Parks, New Road, Uttoxeter, Staffordshire, the son of Cyril Joseph Bamford, agricultural engineer, and his wife, Dolores Alice, née Turner. His family controlled and managed a long-established farm machinery business. The company, which manufactured balers and other equipment, had been started by his great-great-grandfather in 1812. He was brought up a Roman Catholic. After education at ...

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Joseph Cyril Bamford (1916–2001) by Lucinda Douglas-Menzies, 1989 © Lucinda Douglas-Menzies; collection National Portrait Gallery, London

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Beach, Harold Henry (1913–2010), engineer and car designer, was born on 15 February 1913 at 10 Malvern Villas, Willesden Lane, Acton, London, the only son of Henry Beach, coach builder, and his wife, Maud Mary, née Carter. He was educated privately and later studied engineering at a technical college. In 1928 he embarked on his career in the automotive industry when he became an apprentice draughtsman on a wage of ...

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Bond, Lawrence (1907–1974), engineer and motor vehicle designer, was born at 5 Penwortham Hill, Penwortham, Preston, Lancashire, on 2 August 1907, the son of Frederick Charles Bond (1873–1963), a clothing maker who became a well-known local historian and artist, and his wife, Margaret Ellen, ...

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Bruyne, Norman Adrian de (1904–1997), aeronautical engineer, was born on 8 November 1904 at Punta Arenas, Magallanes, Chile, the fourth and youngest son of Dr Pieter Adriaan de Bruyne, a sheep farmer originally from the Netherlands, and his wife, Maude, née Mattocks, of English descent. His father had left ...

Article

G. P. Bulman

revised by Anita McConnell

Buchanan, Sir John Scoular (1883–1966), aeronautical engineer, was born at Cambuslang, Lanarkshire, on 23 November 1883, the son of Joseph Buchanan, a steel smelter, and his wife, Janet M. Scoular Hogg. They also had another son and a daughter who emigrated to Canada...

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Sir John Scoular Buchanan (1883–1966) by Walter Stoneman, 1944 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Burney, Sir (Charles) Dennistoun, second baronet (1888–1968), marine and aeronautical engineer, was born in Bermuda on 28 December 1888, the only son among the three children of Sir Cecil Burney, first baronet (1858–1929), later admiral, and second in command of the Grand Fleet...

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Churchward, George Jackson (1857–1933), railway engineer, was born at Rowes Farm, Stoke Gabriel, south Devon, on 31 January 1857, the second son in the family of three sons and two daughters of George Churchward, a farmer, and his wife, Adelina Mary Churchward, who was his cousin. He was educated at ...

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Collar, (Arthur) Roderick (1908–1986), mathematician and aeronautical engineer, was born on 22 February 1908 in West Ealing, London, the second of three children and elder son of Arthur Collar, of Whitstable, Kent, who had a successful ironmonger's and builder's business, and his wife, ...

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Constant, Hayne (1904–1968), mechanical and aeronautical engineer, was born at Gravesend, Kent, on 26 September 1904, the second son of the family of six children of Frederick Charles Constant, dental surgeon, of Gravesend and later Folkestone, and his wife, (Mary) Theresa Hayne, of ...

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Cox, (Harold) Roxbee, Baron Kings Norton (1902–1997), aeronautical engineer, was born on 6 June 1902 at 3 York Road, Handsworth, Staffordshire, the only child of William John Roxbee Cox (1877–1932), jeweller, and his wife, Amelia (d. 1949), daughter of Harry Stern of ...

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Albert William Denly (1900–1989) by unknown photographer, 1923 image courtesy of Brooklands Museum Archive

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Denly, Albert William [Bert] (1900–1989), motorcycle racer and motor engineer, was born in Wisley, Surrey, on 1 June 1900, the only son of James Denly (d. 1918), a bricklayer's labourer on the Wisley estate, and his wife, Ellen, née Woolger (1865/6–1920). Aged fourteen he left the local village school to become an apprentice to the butcher in ...

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Dowty, Sir George Herbert (1901–1975), aeronautical engineer and industrialist, was born on 27 April 1901 at Pershore, Worcestershire, the son of William Dowty, a druggist and chemist in Pershore, and his wife, Laura Masters. He was the elder of twin boys by half an hour and the seventh son in the family. The twins were educated in a small private school in ...

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Sir George Herbert Dowty (1901–1975) by unknown photographer Royal Aeronautical Society Library