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Abbot, John (1751–1840?), naturalist and artist, born at Bennet Street, St James, London, on 1 June 1751, was the second of the five children of John Abbot (d. 1787), a prosperous attorney, and his wife, Ann Clousinger. As a youth, Abbot developed a passion for entomology and for drawing, an enthusiasm that was supported by his father, who retained ...

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Albin, Eleazar (d. 1742?), naturalist and watercolour painter, may have been born somewhere in the German states to a family named Weiss. Nothing is known of his early life, although he later claimed, in his Natural History of Birds (1731–8), to have been 'at ...

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Drury, Dru (1725–1804), silversmith and naturalist, was born on 4 February 1725, probably in Lad Lane, Wood Street, London, the son of Drew Drury, silversmith, and only surviving child of the eight children of his father's second marriage, to Mary Hesketh. (The unusual forename was bestowed through many generations, from ...

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Ferryman, Robert (1752–1837), naturalist and museum keeper, was born at Barrow-on-Soar, Leicestershire, the son of John Ferryman (c.1720–1784), gentleman and probably farmer, and his wife, Elizabeth, née Beaumont (c.1727–1797), and was baptized there on 2 January 1753. Robert took an early interest in natural history and had started to collect animals by 1769. He was ordained deacon in ...

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Fraser, Louis (fl. 1831–1866), naturalist and museum curator, is of unknown birth and parentage. The form of his education is likewise obscure, but from his writings he appears to have been a careful naturalist with limited scope and ambitions. He married Mary Ann Harrison...

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Gordon, Seton Paul (1886–1977), naturalist and photographer, was born at 26 Rubislaw Terrace, Aberdeen, on 11 April 1886, the only child of William Gordon (1839–1924), advocate and town clerk of Aberdeen, and his wife, Ella Mary, daughter of the horticulturist William Paul of ...

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Seton Paul Gordon (1886–1977) by Bassano, 1928 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Gutteridge, Joseph (1816–1899), silk weaver and naturalist, was born on 23 March 1816 in Coventry, the eldest of the three sons of Joseph Gutteridge, a recruiting sergeant, and his first wife, Sarah Shaw. Educated from 1821 in two schools, run by a Quaker woman and Wesleyan preacher respectively, he then went to ...

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Hulme, Frederick Edward (1841–1909), naturalist and artist, was born at Hanley, Staffordshire, on either 29 (his own claim) or 30 (according to his birth certificate) March 1841, the only son of Frederick William Hulme (1816–1884), landscape painter, and his wife, Caroline Jackson. In 1844 the family moved to ...

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Lewin, John William (1770–1819), naturalist and artist, was born on 28 March 1770 and baptized at St Dunstan and All Saints, Stepney, London, on 15 April 1770. He was the son (and one of at least six children) of the naturalist and artist ...

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Lewin, William (1747–1795), naturalist and artist, was born on 10 February 1747, the son of William Lewin, a rate mariner, and his wife, Anne. He was baptized on 6 July 1748 at St Dunstan and All Saints, Stepney, where he grew up. Probably in 1768 or 1769, he married ...

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Miller [formerly Müller], Johann Samuel [John Samuel] (1779–1830), naturalist and museum curator, was born on 26 February 1779 in Danzig, the only son of Johann Beniamin Müller and his first wife, Eleonor Lehman. He came to England in 1801 and settled in ...

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Plymley, Katherine (bap. 1758, d. 1829), diarist, naturalist, and painter, was baptized at Longnor, Shropshire, on 31 January 1758, the eldest child of Joseph Plymley (1716–1802), apothecary, of the Bank House, Longnor, Shropshire, and Diana, née Flint (1725–1779), a member of the Shropshire...

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Sowerby, James De Carle (1787–1871), naturalist and artist, was born in London on 5 June 1787, the eldest of the nine children of James Sowerby (1757–1822), botanical artist, and his wife, Anne de Carle (1764–1815). George Brettingham Sowerby was his younger brother. He was educated at home by private tutors, but in science was largely self-taught with the help of his father's scientist contacts. He was attracted to chemistry and mineralogy and conducted his own analytical experiments encouraged by ...

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Swainson, William (1789–1855), naturalist and artist, was born on 8 October 1789 at Newington Butts, London, the son of John Timothy Swainson (1757–1824), customs collector, and his second wife, Frances Stanway (1769–1792). His father was a keen amateur zoologist, well informed and assiduous in his collection of shells, insects, and fossils; he was also a founder member of the ...

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William Swainson (1789–1855) by Edward Francis Finden, pubd 1840 (after Mosses) © National Portrait Gallery, London