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Bose, Sir Jagadish Chandra [Jagadis Chunder] (1858–1937), physicist and biologist, was born in the district of Vikrampur, close to Dacca, Bengal, India, on 30 November 1858, the son of Bhagaban Chandra Bose, deputy magistrate of neighbouring Faridpur, and his wife, Bamasundari. Though a Hindu, his father was one of the early members of the Western-influenced Hindu reform movement known as Brahmoism, along with his more traditionally Hindu wife....

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Sir Jagadish Chandra Bose (1858–1937) by unknown photographer, 1930 © Classic Image / Alamy

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Chandrasekhar, Subrahmanyan (1910–1995), applied mathematician and astrophysicist, was born on 19 October 1910 in Lahore, India, the eldest of four sons and third of the ten children of C. Subrahmanyan Ayyar (1885–1960), assistant auditor to the Northwest Railways, and his wife, Sitalaksmi (1891–1931)...

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A. M. Clerke

revised by Anita McConnell

Chary, Chintamanny Ragoonatha (d. 1880), astronomer, was attached to the Madras observatory for nearly forty years, during seventeen of which he was first assistant. He took the majority of transit observations (some 38,000) for the star catalogue in progress from 1862, and was a prominent member of two expeditions fitted out to observe total eclipses of the sun from elsewhere in the region (18 August 1868, 11 December 1871)....

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Gulati, (Harbans) Lall (1895/6–1967), general practitioner, ophthalmologist, and local politician, was born in Sherpur, near Lahore, Punjab, India, the son of Dola Ram Gulati. His date of birth is not known for certain but is thought to be 1 July of either 1895 or 1896. He was the tenth of eleven children and had nine older brothers and one younger sister. He was raised as a Hindu....

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Raman, Sir (Chandrasekhara) Venkata (1888–1970), physicist, was born at Tiruvanaikkaval, near Trichinopoly, in the province of Madras, on 7 November 1888, the second of the eight children (five sons and three daughters) of Chandrasekhara Iyer (b. 1866) and his wife, Parvati Ammal...

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Sir (Chandrasekhara) Venkata Raman (1888–1970) by unknown photographer Heritage Images Partnership

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Ramanujan, Srinivasa (1887–1920), mathematician, was born on 22 December 1887 in Erode, India, the third of five children (two older sisters died in infancy) of Kuppuswamy Srinivasa (b. 1863), a clerk in a silk merchant's shop, and his wife, Komalatammal (b...

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Srinivasa Ramanujan (1887–1920) by unknown photographer, 1919 The Master and Fellows, Trinity College, Cambridge