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Basset, Thomas (d. 1220), soldier and courtier, was a younger son of Thomas Basset (d. c. 1182) of Headington and Adeliza Basset [see under Dunstanville, de, family], daughter of Walter de Dunstanville, lord of Castle Combe in Wiltshire. First recorded before ...

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Bradeston, Thomas, Lord Bradeston (d. 1360), soldier and royal councillor, was probably the son of Robert de Bradeston, a minor landowner of Breadstone, Gloucestershire. The Bradestons were close allies of the Berkeleys of Berkeley Castle, their near neighbours, and Thomas probably began his career in the ...

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Bréauté, Sir Falkes de (d. 1226), soldier and royal favourite, was of obscure Norman parentage. One reasonably reliable source, which described him as 'small in stature but very valiant', stated that he was the son of a Norman knight by a concubine (...

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Sir Falkes de Bréauté (d. 1226) drawing Master and Fellows of Corpus Christi College, Cambridge

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Burley, Sir Simon (1336?–1388), soldier and courtier, was the second of at least three sons of a minor Herefordshire landowner, perhaps Roger Burley (fl. 1322–1331); Simon's nephew was also named Roger. Simon's elder brother Sir John Burley, and John's son Sir Richard...

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Chamberlayne [Chamberlain], Sir Leonard (b. in or before 1504, d. 1561), courtier and soldier, was the eldest son of Sir Edward Chamberlayne (1480–1543) of Shirburn, Oxfordshire, and his wife, Cecily (fl. 1480–1540), daughter of Sir John Verney of Pendley, Hertfordshire. He was said to have spent his early years in riotous living, which may lie behind the pardon he received on 2 September 1529, but once the paternal estates had been entailed on him in 1528, probably on the occasion of his marriage to ...

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Curson, Sir Robert, styled Lord Curson, and Baron Curson in the nobility of the Holy Roman empire (c. 1460–1534/5), soldier and courtier, was of Blaxhall, near Saxmundham, Suffolk, and may have been the son of the Robert Curson who was escheator for Suffolk...

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Devereux, John, Baron Devereux (d. 1393), soldier and royal councillor, of Dinton, Buckinghamshire, was reputedly a younger son of William Devereux of Bodenham, Herefordshire, but his background remains obscure. The foundations of his reputation for military prowess were already laid before 1366 (by when he was certainly a knight), the year he was recruited by the great Breton commander ...

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Douglas, George, fourth earl of Angus (c. 1417–1463), courtier and soldier, was the second son of William Douglas, second earl of Angus (c. 1398–1437), and his wife, Margaret (fl. 1410–1484), daughter of Sir William Hay of Yester. He succeeded to the earldom on the death of his childless elder brother, ...

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Fitzalan, Richard, third earl of Arundel and eighth earl of Surrey (c. 1313–1376), soldier, diplomat, and royal councillor, known as ‘Copped Hat’, was the son of Edmund Fitzalan, second earl of Arundel (1285–1326), and Alice, sister of John de Warenne, seventh earl of Surrey...

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Garneys [Garnesche], Sir Christopher (d. 1534), courtier and soldier, is of unknown origins. A gentleman usher of the king's chamber from the beginning of Henry VIII's reign, attending the coronation in that capacity, he participated in court entertainments and was among those intimates of the king who played cards with him in his chamber. In 1509 the king granted him an annuity of ...

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Grey, John, first Lord Grey of Rotherfield (1300–1359), soldier and courtier, was born at Rotherfield, Oxfordshire, on 29 October 1300, the eldest son of Sir John Grey of Rotherfield (d. 1311) and his wife, Margaret Oddingsells. When his father died he left estates mostly in ...

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Grey, Richard de (d. before 1272), baron and member of Henry III's military household, was the eldest son of Henry de Grey of Codnor, Derbyshire, and Thurrock, Essex (d. 1219), and Isolda (d. 1246), sister and coheir of Robert Bardolf of ...

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Hay, John, of Cromlix, Jacobite duke of Inverness (1691–1740), Jacobite courtier and army officer, was the third son of Thomas Hay, seventh earl of Kinnoull (c.1660–1719), and Elizabeth (1669–1696), only daughter of William Drummond, first viscount of Strathallan. George Hay, eighth earl of Kinnoull...

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Miles Francis Stapleton Fitzalan- Howard, seventeenth duke of Norfolk (1915–2002) by Norman McBeath, 1993 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Howard, Miles Francis Stapleton Fitzalan-, seventeenth duke of Norfolk (1915–2002), army officer and courtier, was born at 49 Eaton Place, London, on 21 July 1915, the eldest of the eight children (four sons and four daughters) of Bernard Edward Fitzalan-Howard, third Baron Howard of Glossop...

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Ingham, Oliver, Lord Ingham (c. 1287–1344), soldier and seneschal of Aquitaine, was son and heir of Sir John Ingham (1260–1309), of Ingham, Norfolk, and his wife, Margery. His father served in Edward I's Scottish wars and he was himself summoned for military service in ...

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Jermyn, Henry, third Baron Jermyn and Jacobite earl of Dover (bap. 1636, d. 1708), courtier and army officer, second son of Thomas Jermyn (d. 1659) of Rushbrooke, Suffolk, and his wife, Rebecca Rodway (b. 1612/13), daughter of William Rodway, merchant of ...

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Leslie, Sir Walter, lord of Ross (d. 1382), soldier and royal retainer, was a younger son of Sir Andrew Leslie, lord of Leslie (d. 1320×24), and Mary Abernethy (d. in or before 1355), daughter and heir of Sir Alexander Abernethy of that ilk. He had two elder brothers, ...

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Manners, Thomas, first earl of Rutland (c. 1497–1543), courtier and soldier, was the eldest son of Sir George Manners (b. in or before 1470, d. 1513) of Belvoir, Leicestershire, and his wife, Anne (1476–1526), daughter of Sir Thomas St Leger and Anne...