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Joy Adamson (1910–1980) by unknown photographer [with Elsa the lioness] © Elsa Conservation Trust

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Adamson, Joy [née Friederike Viktoria Gessner] (1910–1980), conservationist and artist, was born on 20 January 1910 in Troppau, Silesia, the second of the three children of Viktor Gessner (d. 1933/4), civil servant, and his wife, Traute Greipel (1888?–1973). Her mother's family was well off, owning lands and paper factories. After her parents were divorced in 1922 she was brought up by her maternal grandmother in ...

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Bodichon, Barbara Leigh Smith (1827–1891), artist and women's activist, was born on 8 April 1827 in Whatlington, near Robertsbridge, Sussex, the eldest of the five children of the radical MP Benjamin Smith (1783–1860) [see under Smith, William (1756-1835)] and Anne Longden (1801–1834)...

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Barbara Leigh Smith Bodichon (1827–1891) by André Adolphe Eugène Disderi © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Creed [née Pickering], Elizabeth (c. 1642–1728), artist and philanthropist, was probably the eldest daughter of Sir Gilbert Pickering, first baronet (1611–1668), of Titchmarsh, Northamptonshire, and his first wife, Elizabeth (d. 1679), only daughter of Sir Sidney Montagu of Hinchingbrooke, Huntingdonshire, and hence the sister of the ...

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Gill, (Arthur) Eric Rowton (1882–1940), artist, craftsman, and social critic, was born at 32 Hamilton Road, Brighton, Sussex, on 22 February 1882, the eldest son and second of the thirteen children of the Revd Arthur Tidman Gill (1848–1933), minister of the Countess of Huntingdon's Connexion...

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(Arthur) Eric Rowton Gill (1882–1940) self-portrait, 1927 © courtesy the Artist's Estate / Bridgeman Art Library; Art Collection, Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center, the University of Texas at Austin