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Gandhi, Mohandas Karamchand [known as Mahatma Gandhi] (1869–1948), political leader and religious and social reformer, was born in Porbandar, Kathiawar, western India, on 2 October 1869, to Karamchand Uttamchand Gandhi and his fourth wife, Putlibai: he was the youngest of the one daughter and three sons of the marriage....

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Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi [Mahatma Gandhi] (1869–1948) by Margaret Bourke-White, 1946 Köln, Museum Ludwig / Rheinisches Bildarchiv Köln

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Keshub Chunder Sen (1838–1884) by London Stereoscopic Co. © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Sen, Keshub Chunder (1838–1884), religious reformer, second son of Pyarimohan (d. 1848/9) and Saradasundari (née Das) Sen, was born in Calcutta on 19 November 1838. His grandfather, Ramkamal Sen, diwan of both the Bengal Bank and the mint at Calcutta...