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Abercrombie, Sir (Leslie) Patrick (1879–1957), town planner, was born on 6 June 1879 at Green Bank, Sale, Altrincham, one of a family of nine. His father, William Abercrombie (1838–1908), born in Bradford, was a Manchester stockbroker and businessman, with literary and artistic interests; his mother, ...

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Sir (Leslie) Patrick Abercrombie (1879–1957) by Howard Coster, 1944 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Adams, Thomas (1871–1940), town and country planner, was born on 10 September 1871 at Meadow House Farm, Corstorphine, Edinburgh, the eldest of the four children of James Adams (1841/2–1888), dairyman, and his wife, Margaret, née Johnstone (1847/8–1899), housekeeper. Educated at Daniel Stewart's College...

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Baines, Sir George Grenfell- (1908–2003), architect and town planner, was born George Grenfell Baines on 30 April 1908 at 11 Cecilia Street, Preston, the elder son (there were no daughters) of Ernest Charles Baines (1882–1950), railway clerk, and his wife, Sarah Elizabeth, née...

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Conyngham, William Burton (1733–1796), politician and improver, was born William Burton in 1733, the second son of Francis Burton (1696–1743), politician and landowner, of Buncraggy, co. Clare, Ireland, and Mary Conyngham (d. 1737), the only surviving daughter of Major-General Henry Conyngham and the sister of ...

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Grieve, Sir Robert (1910–1995), town planner and public servant, was born on 11 December 1910 at 61 Springbank Street, Glasgow, the son of Peter Paxton Grieve (1886–1960), soldier, and his wife, Catherine, née Boyle (1886–1950). His greatest influences were his mother ('a caged tigress'...

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Hastie, William (1754/5–1832), architect and town planner, arrived in Russia in 1784, aged twenty-nine, as one of a group of seventy-three Scottish workmen recruited by the architect Charles Cameron (1745–1812) to work for the empress Catherine the Great at Tsarskoe Selo near St Petersburg...

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William Graham Holford, Baron Holford (1907–1975) by Elliott & Fry, 1953 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Holford, William Graham, Baron Holford (1907–1975), architect and town planner, was born in Berea, Johannesburg, Transvaal Colony, on 22 March 1907, the elder surviving child and second son of William George Holford (1866–1927) and his wife, Katherine Maud Palmer (1875–1966). Both parents came from ...

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Howard, Sir Ebenezer (1850–1928), founder of the garden city movement, was born at 62 Fore Street in the City of London on 29 January 1850, the third child and only son of Ebenezer Howard, confectioner, who owned several shops in and near the ...

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Sir Ebenezer Howard (1850–1928) by E. Housden, c. 1908 First Garden City Heritage Museum, Letchworth

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Nettlefold, John Sutton (1866–1930), housing reformer and town planner, was born in Highbury, London, on 2 May 1866, the fourth son of (Edward) John Nettlefold (1826–1878), screw manufacturer, and his wife Frances, née Whyman (1835–1907). His family were Unitarians and he was educated at ...

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John Sutton Nettlefold (1866–1930) by unknown photographer, c. 1886–96 by permission of Winterbourne House & Garden and L. Reid

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Osborn, Sir Frederic James (1885–1978), town planner and writer, was born on 26 May 1885 in Kennington, London, the eldest in the family of the two sons and one daughter of Thomas Frederick Osborn (d. 1913), mercantile clerk of Kennington, and his wife, ...

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Parker, (Richard) Barry (1867–1947), architect and town planner, the eldest son of Robert Parker (1826–1901), a bank manager, and his wife, Frances (Fanny) Booth (1835–1922), was born at Chesterfield, Derbyshire, on 18 November 1867. He was educated at schools in Ashover and Buxton...

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Pearson, Charles (1793–1862), lawyer and urban reformer, was born on 4 October 1793 at 25 Clement's Lane, London, son of Thomas Pearson, upholsterer and feather merchant, and his wife, Sarah. Educated at Eastbourne, Sussex, he was initially apprenticed to his father, but was admitted solicitor in 1816, and developed an extensive practice. He was made free of the ...

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Reilly, Sir Charles Herbert (1874–1948), architect and town planner, was born at 3 Manor Villas, Stoke Newington, London, on 4 March 1874, the son of Charles T. Reilly (1844–1928), architect and surveyor to the Worshipful Company of Drapers, and his wife, Annie, formerly Mee...

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Soissons, Louis Emmanuel Jean Guy de (1890–1962), architect and town planner, was born in Montreal, Canada, on 31 July 1890, the younger son of Charles de Soissons and his wife, Julie, née Rozwadowska. When he and his brother and sister were small, the family moved to ...

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Louis Emmanuel Jean Guy de Soissons (1890–1962) by Elliott & Fry, 1953 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Unwin, Sir Raymond (1863–1940), engineer, architect, and town planner, was the younger son of William Unwin (1827–1900) and his wife, Elizabeth Sully, of a family from Bridgwater, Somerset, with shipping interests in the Welsh coal trade. His father had inherited a tannery at ...