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Ashbee, Charles Robert (1863–1942), architect, designer, and social reformer, was born on 17 May 1863 at Spring Grove, Heston, Isleworth, Middlesex, the first of the four children of Henry Spencer Ashbee (1834–1900), merchant and book collector, and his wife, Elizabeth Josephine Jenny (1841–1919)...

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Charles Robert Ashbee (1863–1942) by Frank Lloyd Wright, 1900 in the possession of the Ashbee family

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Baines, Sir Frank (1877–1933), architect and architectural preservationist, was born at 1 Maria Terrace, Stepney, Middlesex, on 7 December 1877, the fourth child of Samuel Baines (1840–1913), coppersmith, and his wife, Elizabeth, née Coates. Though Baines habitually stated that he was educated privately, he probably attended the ...

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John Gordon Dower (1900–1947) by unknown photographer, 1940s private collection

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Dower, John Gordon (1900–1947), architect and promoter of national parks, was born at 1 Ashburn Place, Ilkley, Yorkshire on 2 September 1900, the eldest child of Robert Shillito Dower (1870–1953), company director of George Depledge, steel merchant, Leeds, and a Methodist lay preacher, and his wife, ...

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Feilden, Sir Bernard Melchior (1919–2008), conservation architect, was born on 11 September 1919 at 31 Meadway Court, Hampstead Garden Suburb, London, a twin son and one of five brothers born to Robert Humphrey Feilden (1884–1925), a mechanical engineer and major in the Royal Field Artillery special reserve...

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FitzRoy, Hugh Denis Charles, eleventh duke of Grafton (1919–2011), architectural conservationist and landowner, was born on 3 April 1919 in Cape Town, South Africa, the elder son and eldest of three children of Charles Alfred Euston FitzRoy, later tenth duke of Grafton (1892–1970)...

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Fraser, Patrick Allan- (1813–1890), artist and architect, was born at Arbroath, Forfarshire, the third and youngest son of Robert Allan, a stocking manufacturer, and his wife, Isabel Macdonald. Both his parents were from established trade families in the town. After education at Arbroath Academy...

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See Harrod, Sir (Henry) Roy Forbes

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Joseph, Nathan Solomon (1834–1909), architect and social worker, was born on 17 December 1834 at The Crescent, The Minories, London, one of nine children of City merchant Solomon Joseph (1805–1868) and his wife, Jane Selig (d. 1893). Nathan was educated at home under private tutors and from 1852 to 1854 at ...

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Mackmurdo, Arthur Heygate (1851–1942), architect and social reformer, was born on 12 December 1851 in Edmonton, Middlesex, the eldest child and elder son (there was at least one daughter) of Edward Mackmurdo, chemical manufacturer, of Edmonton, and his wife, Anne née Jones. He was educated at ...

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Penty, Arthur Joseph (1875–1937), architect and social thinker, was born at 16 Elmwood Street, St Laurence, York, on 17 March 1875, the second son of Walter Green Penty (1852–1902), architect, and his wife, Emma Seller. After attending St Peter's School in York he was apprenticed in 1888 to his father. Working in the leading architectural firm in late Victorian ...

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Campbell Dodgson

revised by James Stevens Curl

Roberts, Henry (1803–1876), architect and housing reformer, was born on 16 April 1803 at 212 South Third Street, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA, the second son of Josiah Roberts (1773–1846), a London merchant. After the family's return to Britain, he was articled to Charles Fowler (1792–1867)...