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Joy Adamson (1910–1980) by unknown photographer [with Elsa the lioness] © Elsa Conservation Trust

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Adamson, Joy [née Friederike Viktoria Gessner] (1910–1980), conservationist and artist, was born on 20 January 1910 in Troppau, Silesia, the second of the three children of Viktor Gessner (d. 1933/4), civil servant, and his wife, Traute Greipel (1888?–1973). Her mother's family was well off, owning lands and paper factories. After her parents were divorced in 1922 she was brought up by her maternal grandmother in ...

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Allen [née Gill], Marjory, Lady Allen of Hurtwood (1897–1976), landscape architect and promoter of child welfare, was born on 10 May 1897 at Hazelstubbs, Gravel Hill, Bexleyheath, the daughter of George Joseph Gill (c.1860–1947), a water-rate collector, and his wife, ...

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Ashbee, Charles Robert (1863–1942), architect, designer, and social reformer, was born on 17 May 1863 at Spring Grove, Heston, Isleworth, Middlesex, the first of the four children of Henry Spencer Ashbee (1834–1900), merchant and book collector, and his wife, Elizabeth Josephine Jenny (1841–1919)...

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Charles Robert Ashbee (1863–1942) by Frank Lloyd Wright, 1900 in the possession of the Ashbee family

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Baines, Sir Frank (1877–1933), architect and architectural preservationist, was born at 1 Maria Terrace, Stepney, Middlesex, on 7 December 1877, the fourth child of Samuel Baines (1840–1913), coppersmith, and his wife, Elizabeth, née Coates. Though Baines habitually stated that he was educated privately, he probably attended the ...

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Louisa Caroline Baring, Lady Ashburton (1827–1903) by Carlo, Baron Marochetti, 1861 property of the Marquess of Northampton; Beedle & Cooper

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Baring [née Stewart-Mackenzie], Louisa Caroline, Lady Ashburton (1827–1903), art collector and philanthropist, was born at Seaforth Lodge, Stornoway, Isle of Lewis, in the Outer Hebrides, on 5 March 1827, the third daughter and sixth child of James Alexander Stewart-Mackenzie (d. 1843)...

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See Beit, Sir Otto John, first baronet

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Beit, Sir Otto John, first baronet (1865–1930), financier, philanthropist, and art connoisseur, was born on 7 December 1865 in Hamburg, Germany, twelve years after his brother Alfred Beit. He was the third son of Siegfried Beit (1818–1881), silk merchant, and his wife, Laura Caroline Hahn (...

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Sir Otto John Beit, first baronet (1865–1930) by H. Walter Barnett © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Louisa Anne Beresford, marchioness of Waterford (1818–1891) by Sir Francis Grant, 1842 private collection. Photograph: Photographic Survey, Courtauld Institute of Art, London

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Beresford [née Stuart], Louisa Anne, marchioness of Waterford (1818–1891), watercolour painter and philanthropist, was born on 14 April 1818 at the Hôtel Charost, Faubourg St Honoré, Paris, the second daughter of Sir Charles Stuart, later Baron Stuart de Rothesay (1779–1845), diplomatist. Her paternal grandfather was ...

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Bishop, Sir Frederick Arthur (1915–2005), civil servant and director-general of the National Trust, was born on 4 December 1915 at 118 Hampstead Road, Brislington, Bristol, the son of Alfred John Bishop, foreman for a wholesale stationers, later factory manager, and his wife, Mary Maria, ...

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Bodichon, Barbara Leigh Smith (1827–1891), artist and women's activist, was born on 8 April 1827 in Whatlington, near Robertsbridge, Sussex, the eldest of the five children of the radical MP Benjamin Smith (1783–1860) [see under Smith, William (1756-1835)] and Anne Longden (1801–1834)...

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Barbara Leigh Smith Bodichon (1827–1891) by André Adolphe Eugène Disderi © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Bowtell [Boudle], John (1753–1813), bookbinder and philanthropist, the third son of Joseph Boudle (c.1722–1757) and his wife, Margery (c.1720–1780), was born on 1 August 1753, and baptized John Boudle on 15 September 1753 at Holy Trinity Church in Cambridge...

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Buckley, Wilfred (1873–1933), promoter of clean milk and collector of antique glass, was born at 27 Wheeleys Road, Edgbaston, Birmingham, on 13 June 1873, the second son and second of the four children of Henry Buckley (1838–1903), general merchant, and his wife, Caroline Therese (1847–1891)...

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John Clayton (1792–1890) by Edward Sawyer, 19th cent. © Historic England / Bridgeman Images

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Clayton, John (1792–1890), civic leader and antiquary, was born on 10 June 1792 at Newcastle upon Tyne, the fourth child and third son of Nathaniel Clayton (1760–1832), town clerk and solicitor, and his wife, Dorothy, née Atkinson (1764–1827), daughter of George and Bridget Atkinson...