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Article

Gilbert Laithwaite

revised by Francis Robinson

Aga Khan [Mohammed Shah] III (1877–1957), leader of the Ismailis, was born in Karachi on 2 November 1877, a member of the ruling Qajar dynasty in Persia, the son of Aga Ali Shah, Aga Khan II (d. 1885), and Shams al-Muluk, known as ...

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Aga Khan III (1877–1957) by Dorothy Wilding, c. 1953 © Tom Hustler / National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Ahmad Khan, Sir Saiyid [Syed Ahmed Khan] (1817–1898), Muslim leader in India, was born on 17 October 1817 in Khwaja Farid's haveli (mansion) near the Tiraha Bahram Khan in Delhi, the youngest of the three children (two boys and one girl) of ...

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Abdullah Yusuf Ali (1872–1953) by Lafayette, 1930 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Ali, Abdullah Yusuf (1872–1953), Indian civil servant and Islamic scholar, was born on 4 April 1872 in Surat, Gujarat, India. His father, Yusuf Ali Allahbuksh, otherwise Khan Bahadur Yusuf Ali, a Shi'i in the Dawoodi Bohra tradition, had abandoned the traditional occupation of his community, business, and entered instead the police force, being presented on retirement with the title of ...

Article

Ali, Sayyid Mumtaz (1860–1935), author and publisher, was born in 1860 near Deoband, Saharanpur district, United Provinces, India, the son of Sayyid Zulfiqar Ali, a landholder with ties to the ulama who founded the Deoband madrasa (or Islamic school) in 1866. His education began at an Arabic ...

Article

S. V. FitzGerald

revised by Roger T. Stearn

Ameer Ali, Saiyid (1849–1928), judge and Muslim leader in India, was born on 6 April 1849 at Chinsura, Bengal, the fourth son of Saiyid Saadat Ali Khan (who died of cholera in 1856) of Mohan, Oudh, and his wife, the daughter of Shamsuddin Khan...

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(Mohammed Aboulkhair) Zaki Badawi (1922–2006) by Gemma Levine, 1998 Getty Images

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Badawi, (Mohammed Aboulkhair) Zaki (1922–2006), scholar of Islam and Muslim community leader, was born on 14 January (or possibly 11 August) 1922 at Sharkia, outside Cairo, Egypt, the son of Zaki Badawi, a university lecturer. He entered al-Azhar University in Cairo, arguably the most prestigious major place of learning for ...

Article

Chunchie, Kamal Athon (1886–1953), Methodist minister and race relations worker, was born on 4 June 1886 in Kandy, Ceylon, the eldest of nine children (five sons and four daughters) of Muslim parents of Malay origin. His father, Athon Chunchie (1849/50–1928), of the Inche Che...

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Cobbold [née Murray], Lady Evelyn (1867–1963), traveller and convert to Islam, was born on 17 July 1867 at 13 Great Stuart Street, Edinburgh, the eldest of the six children (five daughters and one son) of Charles Adolphus Murray, seventh earl of Dunmore...

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Eaton, (Horace Charles Le) Gai [names in religion Hasan ‘Abd al-Hakim, Sidi Hasan] (1921–2010), diplomatist and Muslim scholar, was born on 1 January 1921 in Lausanne, Switzerland, the son of Francis Henry Launcelot Errington (1854–1942), barrister, and Ruth Frances Muddock (1881–1973)...

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Lings, Martin (1909–2005), scholar of Islam, was born on 24 January 1909 at Barciecroft, Burnage Lane, Burnage, Lancashire, the son of George Herbert Lings, cotton spinner and ornithologist, and his wife, Gladys Mary, née Greenhalgh. After spending much of his childhood in the ...

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Muhammad 'Abdallah Hasan [Muḣammad 'Abd Allāh Ḥasan] (1856–1920/21), religious leader, was born north of Buuhoodle, Somaliland, the eldest son of an Ogaden father, Sheikh 'Abdallah Hasan, and a Dhulbahanta mother, Timiro Seed Magan. Contemporary Britons called him the ‘Mad Mullah’...

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Muhammad Ahmad ibn 'Abdullahi [Muḣammad Aḣmad ibn Abdullāhi; known as the Mahdi] (1844–1885), religious leader, was born on 12 August 1844 at Labab island, Dongola province, Sudan. He was one of the five children of 'Abdullahi Fahl, a boat maker. After studying with several religious teachers he was initiated into the ...

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Quilliam, William Henry [known as Sheikh Abdullah Quilliam; Haroon Mustapha Leon] (1856–1932), lawyer and Muslim leader, was born on 10 April 1856 at 22 Elliot Street, Liverpool, the son of Robert Quilliam, watch manufacturer, and his wife, Harriet, née Burrows. He was of Manx descent (and at one point active in the ...

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Sesay, al-Hajj Shaikh Jibril [known as Shaikh Gibril Sesay] (1903–1988), political leader, was born in the village of Mabayla in Sanda Tenraren chiefdom, Bomboli district, Sierra Leone. His father, Abu Bakari Lomeh Sesay (b. c.1879), was a Muslim scholar and wealthy merchant whose export–import business was based in ...

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Kalim Siddiqui (1933–1996) by Michael Powell © News International Newspapers Ltd

Article

Siddiqui, Kalim (1933–1996), journalist and Muslim activist, was born on 2 July 1933 near Hyderabad, Deccan, India, one of a family of ten children. While he was still a small child the family moved to Sultanpur, a town between Allahabad and Fyzabad in ...

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Tarawali, Ibrahim (c. 1785–1880), political leader and educationist, was born in the town of Forecariah, Moriah kingdom, in Guinea, west Africa. Ibrahim Tarawali was a son of Ibrahim Konditu Fofana, a leading entrepreneur and Muslim religious leader. The Fofana trace themselves back several centuries to ...