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Alison, Archibald (1757–1839), Scottish Episcopal clergyman and writer on aesthetics, was born in Edinburgh, the son of Archibald Alison (1730–1794), lord provost of the city, originally of Newhall, Coupar Angus, and Margaret Harte (d. 1811), of Listerick, near Edinburgh. Alison was educated at ...

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Archibald Alison (1757–1839) by William Walker, pubd 1823 (after Sir Henry Raeburn) © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Peter Frederick Anson (1889–1975) by Howard Coster, 1933 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Anson, Peter Frederick (1889–1975), monk, writer, and artist, was born Frederick Charles Anson on 22 August 1889 at 32 South Parade, Southsea, the son of Charles Eustace Anson (1858–1940), subsequently rear-admiral, and his wife, (Maria) Evelyn, née Ross (1863–1904). His father came from a family with strong connections to the ...

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Arendrup [née Courtauld], Edith (1846–1934), artist and Roman Catholic religious sister, was born on 1 September 1846 at Bocking, Braintree, Essex, the younger child and only daughter of John Minton Courtauld (d. 1877), junior partner in Samuel Courtauld & Co., silk and crepe manufacturers, and his wife, ...

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Beauclerk, James (1709–1787), bishop of Hereford, was born at Windsor, the seventh surviving son of Charles Beauclerk, first duke of St Albans (1670–1726), illegitimate offspring of Charles II and Nell Gwyn. Some say his facial characteristics resembled those of his royal grandfather. His mother, ...

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Beckett, Edmund [formerly Edmund Beckett Denison], first Baron Grimthorpe (1816–1905), ecclesiastical controversialist, architect, and horologist, was born at Carlton Hall, near Newark, on 12 May 1816, the eldest son of Sir Edmund Beckett, fourth baronet (1787–1874), later MP for the West Riding...

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Edmund Beckett, first Baron Grimthorpe (1816–1905) by unknown photographer by courtesy of the British Horological Institute Limited; original on display at the Upton Hall Time Museum, Upton, Newark, Nottinghamshire; photograph © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Bond, Frederick Bligh (1864–1945), architect, author, and psychical researcher, was born on 30 June 1864 at Marlborough, Wiltshire, the third son of the Revd Frederick Hookey Bond, headmaster of Marlborough Royal Free Grammar School, and of his wife, Mary Isabella Dela Fosse. He was educated at ...

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Bridges, George Wilson (1788–1863), Anglican clergyman, defender of slavery, and photographer, was born in Lawford, Essex, on 6 July 1788, the elder son of George Bridges (1759–1835), a prosperous merchant and country banker who was based in Manningtree in Essex, with a London...

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Cadbury, Sir (George) Adrian Hayhurst (1929–2015), businessman, was born at The Davids, Hole Lane, Bournville, Birmingham, on 15 April 1929, the second of four sons and second of six children of Laurence John Cadbury (1889–1982), businessman, and his wife, ...

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Cadbury, Sir (George) Adrian Hayhurst (1929–2015), by Ben Smith, 2007

Rex Features/Shutterstock.com

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W. E. A. Axon

revised by Sarah Couper

Castillo, John (1792–1845), stonemason, poet, and preacher, was born at Rathfarnham, near Dublin. When he was two or three years old his parents, who were Roman Catholics, emigrated to England, and on the voyage were shipwrecked off the Isle of Man. They settled in the hamlet of ...

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Alvin Langdon Coburn (1882–1966) self-portrait, 1908 [with a copper-plate printing press] © Alvin Langdon Coburn

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Coburn, Alvin Langdon (1882–1966), photographer and mystic, was born on 11 June 1882 at 134 East Springfield Street, Boston, Massachusetts, the only child of James Alvin Coburn (1849–1891), manufacturer of Coburn and Whitman shirts, and his wife, Fannie E. Howe (d. 1928)...

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Corbaux, Marie Françoise Catherine Doetter [Fanny] (1812–1883), painter and biblical critic, was the daughter of the statistician and mathematician Francis Corbaux FRS (c.1769–1843), an Englishman who lived much abroad. Her sister, Louisa Corbaux (b. 1808), was also an artist. In 1827 her father's health was affected by financial losses and she immediately turned her early artistic talent to lucrative purpose. As women were not admitted to the ...

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Cox, John Charles (1843–1919), antiquary and ecclesiologist, was born on 29 March 1843 at Parwich, Derbyshire, the sixth of the seven children of Revd Edward Cox (1802–1869) and Anna Horsfall (1803/4–1888). He had two brothers and four sisters. In 1843 his father was vicar of ...

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Cranfield, Charles Ernest Burland (1915–2015), United Reformed Church minister and New Testament scholar, was born at Branksome, Old Park Ridings, Winchmore Hill, north London, on 13 September 1915, the second child of Charles Ernest Cranfield (1876–1975), then a solicitor’s managing clerk, and his wife ...

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Cutler, Ann (1759–1794), hand-loom weaver and Methodist evangelist, was born in Thornley, near Longridge, in the parish of Chipping, Lancashire; nothing is known of her parents. After living a strict, moral life she was converted in 1785 by the revivalist Wesleyan William Bramwell...

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Gardnor, John (1728/9–1808), painter and Church of England clergyman, of whose family background or education nothing is known, and who does not appear to have married or have had children, is first known as an annual exhibitor at the Free Society of Artists...