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Beaufort, Thomas, duke of Exeter (1377?–1426), magnate and soldier, was the youngest of the three illegitimate sons of John of Gaunt, duke of Lancaster, and Katherine Swynford [see Katherine, duchess of Lancaster]. His brothers were John Beaufort and Henry Beaufort...

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Carew, Sir John (d. 1362), soldier and justiciar of Ireland, was a son of the second marriage of Sir John Carew (d. 1324), who held Carew in Pembrokeshire, Moulsford in Berkshire, lands in Devon and Hampshire, and Idrone, Carlow, and other Irish properties which the family had acquired in the late twelfth century by grants made to ...

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Meiler fitz Henry (d. 1220), soldier and justiciar of Ireland, was the son of Henry, illegitimate son of Henry I and Nest, daughter of Rhys ap Tewdwr, king of Deheubarth (south Wales), who also had children with Gerald, constable of Windsor...

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Randolph, Thomas, first earl of Moray (d. 1332), soldier and guardian of Scotland, was the son of Sir Thomas Randolph of Stichill, Roxburghshire, and of a daughter of Marjory, countess of Carrick, and her first husband, Adam of Kilconquhar. Thomas's mother was half-sister to ...

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Scrope, Richard, first Baron Scrope of Bolton (c. 1327–1403), soldier and administrator, was the third son of Sir Henry Scrope (b. in or before 1268, d. 1336), a lawyer who acquired a considerable estate in north Yorkshire, and his wife, Margaret, who was probably the daughter of either ...

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Talbot, John, first earl of Shrewsbury and first earl of Waterford (c. 1387–1453), soldier, was the second son of Richard Talbot, fourth Baron Talbot, of Goodrich, Herefordshire, and of Ankaret, sole heir of Richard, Baron Lestrange of Blakemere, near Whitchurch, Shropshire. His father died in 1397, when he was about ten years old. Four years later his mother married ...