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Howard, Luke (1621–1699), Quaker activist and writer, was born at Dover on 18 October 1621, the son of Robert Howard (c.1580–1625), a shoemaker, and his wife, Susanna. His mother married a butcher when Luke was eight, but when he came to decide on his future occupation 'something in my Conscience … stirred against Evil, and made me dislike a Butcher's Life and Trade' (...

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Mead, William (c. 1627–1713), Quaker patron and merchant, lived in London, where he became a prosperous linen draper and merchant; he was also a member of the Company of Merchant Taylors. He served as captain of a trained band and was a Seeker in religion, joining the presbyterians and Independents among others before finally becoming a Quaker early in 1670. Later that year, on 14 August, he was present at a large and crowded meeting in ...

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Penington, Isaac (1616–1679), Quaker and writer, was born in London, the eldest son of Isaac Penington (c. 1584–1661), alderman, and his first wife, Abigail (b. 1588), daughter of the London merchant John Allen. He was admitted to the Inner Temple in November 1634 and called to the bar on 3 November 1639. In the meantime he matriculated from ...

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Writer, Clement (d. 1659x62), religious controversialist, was one of three known surviving children of unidentified parents. Given his prolonged association with Worcestershire it is possible that he descended from the county. He claimed to have received little formal education, and never married. He first appears in 1627 in conjunction with ...