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Calouste Sarkis Gulbenkian (1869–1955) by Charles Joseph Watelet, 1912 by courtesy of the Gulbenkian Museum, Lisbon

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Gulbenkian, Calouste Sarkis (1869–1955), oil industrialist and benefactor, was born in Scutari, adjacent to Constantinople, in Turkey, on 23 March 1869, one of three sons of Sarkis Gulbenkian (d. 1894), a trader in kerosene and a provincial banker. Although he respected his family, ...