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Campbell, David Robb (1874/5–1934), labour leader, was born in Belfast, the son of an insurance agent. The family was protestant; his father belonged to the Orange order. Educated in Belfast, Davy, as he was known, also went into insurance. He developed an interest in trade unionism and became the secretary of the life assurance agents' association in the city. As such, he won a seat in 1906 on the ...

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Chew, Ada Nield (1870–1945), labour organizer and suffragist, was born at Hollins, Butt Lane, Audley, Staffordshire, on 28 January 1870, the second child in a family of thirteen of William Nield, brick maker, and his wife, Jane, née Hammond. Ada was taken from school at the age of eleven to help look after the family, especially her younger sister ...

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Collison, William (1865–1938), workers' leader, was born on 22 June 1865 at 22 Greenfield Street, Mile End, London, the eldest of twelve children of William Collison, policeman, and his wife, Leah (née Brett). Collison's formal education did not progress beyond elementary school; it must be presumed that his later fluency with the pen was the result of his own efforts at self-improvement. A long series of casual jobs, punctuated by a two-year period of service in the British army, took him into the world of ...

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Grimshaw, Mortimer (1824/5–1869), cotton weaver and labour leader, was born into a working-class family in or near Great Harwood in north-east Lancashire. Little is known about his family background, but his father is said to have had a reputation as a radical orator. ...

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Henson, Gravener (1785–1852), workers' leader and author, was born in Nottingham in 1785, the son of James Henson, knitter. He may well have received some education at a local Wesleyan Sunday school, but he became familiar with popular contemporary writers, British and European, through hard study in his leisure time. He married ...

Article

Eleanor Gordon and Campbell F. Lloyd

Irwin, Margaret Hardinge (1858–1940), women's labour activist, was born at sea on 13 January 1858 on the barque Lord Hardinge, after which she was named. She was the only child of James Richie Irwin, master mariner, of 3 Pine Terrace, Broughty Ferry, Forfarshire...

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James Larkin (1874–1947) by unknown photographer, 1914 Getty Images

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Larkin, James (1874–1947), labour leader in Ireland, was born on 4 February 1874 at 41 Combermere Street, Toxteth Park, Liverpool, the second of the six children of James Larkin (1845–1887), a forge labourer, and his wife, Mary Ann McNulty (1842–1911). His parents were part of that vast exodus from ...

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Macarthur [married name Anderson], Mary Reid (1880–1921), women's labour organizer, was born at Glasgow on 13 August 1880, the eldest daughter of John Duncan Macarthur, proprietor of a drapery business, and his wife, Anne Elizabeth Martin. She was one of six children, of whom only three survived. Educated at ...

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Mary Reid Macarthur (1880–1921) by unknown photographer by permission of the People's History Museum