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Andrews [née Fairfield], Dame Cicily Isabel [pseud. Rebecca West] (1892–1983), writer, critic, and journalist, was born on 21 December 1892 at 28 Burlington Road, Westbourne Park, London, the youngest of three children (all daughters) of Charles Fairfield (1843–1906) and his wife, ...

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Dame Cicily Isabel Andrews [Rebecca West] (1892–1983) by Wyndham Lewis, 1932 © Estate of Mrs G. A. Wyndham Lewis / National Portrait Gallery, London

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Thomas Arnold (1823–1900) by unknown photographer © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Arnold, Thomas (1823–1900), literary scholar and teacher, was born on 30 November 1823 at Laleham, Middlesex, the third of the nine surviving children of Dr Thomas Arnold (1795–1842), schoolmaster and clergyman, and his wife, Mary, née Penrose (1791–1873), youngest daughter of the Revd John Penrose...

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Atkyns, Richard (1615–1677), army officer and writer on printing, was the only child of Richard Atkyns (1584–1636/7) of Tuffley, Gloucestershire, and his wife, Mary, second daughter of Sir Edwin Sandys, of Latimer, Buckinghamshire, and his wife, Lady Elizabeth Sandys, of The Vyne, Hampshire...

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W. P. Courtney

revised by Antonia Forster

Badcock, Samuel (1747–1788), theologian and writer on literature, was born at South Molton, Devon, on 23 February 1747, the son of a butcher. His mother's maiden name was Plake. His parents were dissenters and he was educated at a dissenting academy at Ottery St Mary...

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Algernon Cecil

revised by Annette Peach

Bailey, John Cann (1864–1931), writer on literature, the third son of Elijah Crosier Bailey, solicitor and clerk of the peace for Norwich, and his wife, Jane Sarah, daughter of William Robert Cann, of Cavick House, Wymondham, Norfolk, was born at Cavick House on 10 January 1864. He was educated at ...

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Barker, Edmund Henry (1788–1839), classical scholar and editor, was born at Hollym vicarage, in the East Riding of Yorkshire, on 22 December 1788, the eldest son of Robert Barker (1750–1816), vicar of Hollym-with-Withernsea, and his wife, Ann, née Atkinson (d. 1829). After receiving his schooling at ...

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Bell, Sir (Harold) Idris (1879–1967), papyrologist and scholar of Welsh literature, was born on 2 October 1879 at Epworth, Lincolnshire, the son of Charles Christopher Bell (b. 1845), chemist, and his wife, Rachel Hughes (d. 1880). His father's family had been yeoman farmers in the north midlands and had marked literary leanings, his father not least; but the Welsh inheritance from his mother meant more to ...

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Sir (Harold) Idris Bell (1879–1967) by Walter Stoneman, 1955 © National Portrait Gallery, London