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Bell, Sir (Harold) Idris (1879–1967), papyrologist and scholar of Welsh literature, was born on 2 October 1879 at Epworth, Lincolnshire, the son of Charles Christopher Bell (b. 1845), chemist, and his wife, Rachel Hughes (d. 1880). His father's family had been yeoman farmers in the north midlands and had marked literary leanings, his father not least; but the Welsh inheritance from his mother meant more to ...

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Sir (Harold) Idris Bell (1879–1967) by Walter Stoneman, 1955 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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D. N. Smith

revised by Rebecca Mills

Elton, Oliver (1861–1945), literary scholar and translator, was born on 3 June 1861 at Gresham grammar school, Holt, Norfolk, the only child of the Revd Charles Allen Elton (1820–1887), headmaster of the school, and his wife, Sarah Amelia (b. 1833), daughter of ...

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Oliver Elton (1861–1945) by Augustus John University of Liverpool Art Gallery and Collections

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Flower, Robin Ernest William (1881–1946), scholar of Irish literature and poet, was born on 16 October 1881 at Meanwood, Leeds, the son of Marmaduke Clement William Flower, a portrait painter who had fought on the Confederate side in the American Civil War after being disowned by his family, and his wife, ...

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Furnivall, Frederick James (1825–1910), textual scholar and editor, was born on 4 February 1825 in Egham, Surrey, the eldest of the nine children of George Frederick Furnivall (1781–1865) and Sophia Hughes Barwell (1794–1879). Furnivall's father, descended from a family of Cheshire yeoman farmers, was trained at ...

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Frederick James Furnivall (1825–1910) by Charles Haslewood Shannon, 1901 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Jones, John Gwilym (1904–1988), literary scholar and author, was born on 27 September 1904 at 6 Rathbone Terrace, Y Groeslon, near Caernarfon in north Wales. He lived for the greater part of his life in a house called Angorfa, in that village. He was the only child of ...

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Read, Sir Herbert Edward (1893–1968), poet, literary critic, and writer on art, was born on 4 December 1893 at Muscoates Grange, near Kirkby Moorside, in the North Riding of Yorkshire, the eldest of the four children of Herbert Edward Read (1868–1903), tenant farmer, and of ...

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Rieu, Emile Victor (1887–1972), literary scholar and translator, was born in London on 10 February 1887, the fifth son and seventh and youngest child of Charles Pierre Henri Rieu (1820–1902), of Geneva, keeper of oriental manuscripts at the British Museum, and later professor of Arabic at ...