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Big Bear [Mistahimaskwa] (c. 1825–1888), leader of the Plains Cree, was born north of Fort Carlton in Ruperts Land, Northwest Territories, the son of Black Powder (d. c.1864), a minor chief. His parents were of Plains Cree and Saulteaux background. Big Bear...

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Joseph Brant (1743–1807) by Gilbert Stuart, 1786 [detail] Collection of the Duke of Northumberland. Photograph: Photographic Survey, Courtauld Institute of Art, London

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Brant, Joseph [Thayendanegea] (1743–1807), leader of the Mohawk Indians, was born in 1743, probably in March, in or near Cuyahoga (near present-day Akron, Ohio). His parents, Peter Tehowaghwengaraghkwin and Margaret (fl. 1735–1780), were ordinary Mohawks with limited links to the tribe's leading families....

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Massasoit (c. 1600–1661), leader of the Algonquian Indians, was born near Bristol, Rhode Island. The exact date of his birth and the names of his parents are unknown. He rose to become sachem (chief) of a band of southern New England Algonquian Indians later known to the English as the Wampanoag Pokanoket. In March 1621 he entered into an alliance with a group of English separatist puritans who had established a small and vulnerable village at ...

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Metacom [Philip; called King Philip] (c. 1630–1676), leader of the Algonquian Indians, was born in or near Mount Hope in what is now Rhode Island, the second son of Massasoit (also known as Osamequin) (c. 1600–1661), Wampanoag sachem, who, in 1620, greeted the first pilgrims in the land they named ...

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Pocahontas (c. 1596–1617) by Simon de Passe, 1616 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Pocahontas [Matoaka, Amonute; married name Rebecca Rolfe] (c. 1596–1617), Algonquian Indian princess, was the daughter of Chief Powhatan (or Wahunsonacock) (d. 1618) of the Virginia Algonquian nation. Probably named Matoaka at birth, she was a prepubescent youngster and her father's favourite daughter and known as ...

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Pontiac (1713x25–1769), leader of the Ottawa Indians, was probably born in an Ottawa village near Detroit, of mixed Ottawa and Chippewa or Miami parentage. His only known wife was Kantuckeegan (fl. 1763–1815); the couple had at least two sons.

Little is known about ...

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See Big Bear [Mistahimaskwa]

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Waban (c. 1600–c. 1684), Native American leader, was born about 1600. By 1630 American Indians near Massachusetts Bay had been devastated by European epidemics and raids by neighbouring tribes, and readily accepted the settlement of puritan colonists in Shawmut. Waban was then a counsellor in ...