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Barnes, Isaac Edmestone (1857–1930), land surveyor and businessman, was born on 2 June 1857 in Highholborn Street, Kingston, Jamaica, the eldest legitimate son of William Barnes (1832–1891) and his wife, Amelia, née Johnson (c.1834–1893), coffee planters of Kraal district in the mountains of ...

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Bruce, William Speirs (1867–1921), polar scientist and explorer, was born at 43 Kensington Gardens Square, Paddington, London, on 1 August 1867. He was the fourth child of a family of eight children and had one younger brother and six sisters. His father, Samuel Noble Bruce MRCS...

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William Speirs Bruce (1867–1921) by unknown photographer reproduced by permission of the Scott Polar Research Institute

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Gorton, Samuel (bap. 1593, d. 1677), colonist and preacher in America, was born in Gorton, Lancashire, the youngest son of Thomas Gorton (c.1550–1610/11) and his second wife, Anne (d. 1623), and was baptized in the collegiate church in Manchester on 12 February 1593. The family had been in ...

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Goyder, George Woodroffe (1826–1898), surveyor, was born on 29 January 1826 in Liverpool, third son and fourth of eight children of David George Goyder (1796–1878), doctor and Swedenborgian minister, and his wife, Sarah Etherington (1794–1886). Educated at Glasgow high school, Goyder worked for firms making precision and surveying instruments in ...

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Johnston, Sir Henry Hamilton [Harry] (1858–1927), explorer and colonial administrator, was born in London on 12 June 1858, the eldest of twelve children of John Brookes Johnston, secretary of the Royal Exchange Assurance Company, and his second wife, Esther Laetitia, daughter of Robert Hamilton...

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Sir Henry Hamilton Johnston (1858–1927) by James Russell & Sons © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Charles Joseph La Trobe (1801–1875) by Thomas Woolner, c. 1853 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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La Trobe, Charles Joseph (1801–1875), colonial administrator and traveller, born in London on 20 March 1801, was the third son of Christian Ignatius La Trobe (1758–1836) and his wife, Hannah Sims (or Anna Syms), of Yorkshire. He received a Moravian education, with a view to following his father in the Moravian ministry, but abandoned this for teaching. In 1824 he became tutor to the son of the ...

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Pastorius, Francis Daniel (1651–1719/20), German settler in America, was born on 26 September 1651 in Sommerhausen, Bavaria, Germany, son of Melchior Adam Pastorius, a judge and burgher of the neighbouring town of Windsheim, and his wife, Magdalena Dietz Johenn. After graduating from Windsheim's...