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Deacon, Henry (1822–1876), chemist and manufacturer, was born on 30 July 1822 in London, the elder son of Henry Deacon, merchant, and his wife and cousin, Esther Deacon. The Deacons belonged to the Sandemanian church, whose most famous member, Michael Faraday, took an interest in their son. When he was fourteen ...

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Henry Deacon (1822–1876) by unknown photographer © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Faraday, Michael (1791–1867), natural philosopher, scientific adviser, and Sandemanian, was born on 22 September 1791 in Newington Butts, Surrey, the third of four children of James Faraday (1761–1810), blacksmith, and his wife, Margaret (1764–1838), daughter of Michael Hastwell, farmer of Mallestang near Kirkby Stephen, Westmorland...

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Michael Faraday (1791–1867) by Thomas Phillips, 1841–2 © National Portrait Gallery, London

Article

Alexander Gordon

revised by Derek B. Murray

Pike, Samuel (1717?–1773), Sandemanian minister, was probably born at Romsey, Hampshire. He was educated for the Independent ministry, receiving his general training from John Eames of the academy in Tenter Alley, Moorfields, which was supported by the Congregational Fund board, and his theology from ...

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B. B. Woodward

revised by Brian Bracegirdle

Pritchard, Andrew (1804–1882), microscopist, eldest son of John Pritchard of Hackney, and his wife, Ann, daughter of John Fleetwood, was born in London on 14 December 1804. He was educated at St Saviour's Grammar School, Southwark, and was afterwards apprenticed to his cousin, ...

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Varley, Cornelius (1781–1873), landscape painter and inventor of optical apparatus, was born on 21 November 1781 at the Blue Post tavern in Mare Street, Hackney, the third of five children of Richard Varley (d. 1791) and his second wife, Hannah Fleetwood, a descendant of ...

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Varley, Cromwell Fleetwood (1828–1883), telegraph engineer, was born at Kentish Town, London, on 6 April 1828, the second of the ten children of the artist and inventor Cornelius Varley (1781–1873) and his wife, Elizabeth Livermore Straker. He claimed descent from Oliver Cromwell and ...

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Varley, Frederick Henry (1842–1916), electrical engineer, was born at 1 Charles Street, Somers Town, London, on 18 December 1842, the youngest of the seven sons of Cornelius Varley (1781–1873), scientific instrument maker and watercolour artist, and his wife, Elizabeth Livermore Straker. He was educated privately in ...

Article

Ward, John [called Zion Ward] (1781–1837), founder of the Shilohites, was born at the Cove of Cork in Ireland on 25 December 1781. Taken by his parents, who were strict Calvinists, to Bristol in July 1790, he was for three years apprenticed to a shipwright and fell into bad company. Following his father to ...