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Adomnán [St Adomnán] (627/8?–704), abbot of Iona and writer, who became known to history as the ninth abbot of Iona and the outstanding Irish churchman of his day, was born of the royal line of Cenél Conaill, a dynasty which formed part of the over-kingdom of the northern ...

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See Meath, saints of

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Áed Uaridnach mac Domnaill [Áed Allán mac Domnaill] (d. 612), high-king of Ireland, was the son of Domnall mac Muirchertaig; his mother is said to have been Bríg, daughter of Archa (or Orcha) mac Caírthind. A partner of Áed Uaridnach, the mother of his son ...

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Áed Sláine mac Diarmata (d. 604), joint high-king of Ireland, was the son of Diarmait mac Cerbaill (d. 565), high-king of Ireland, and of Mugain, daughter of Conchrad (or Conrí) mac Duach. His epithet means ‘of Slane’ (in Meath, on the River Boyne...

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Áedán [St Áedán, Aidan] (d. 651), missionary and bishop, was an Irish monk of Iona. All that is known about him comes from Bede's Historia ecclesiastica, completed in 731. King Oswald of the Northumbrians (r. 634–42) converted to Christianity while in exile from ...

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See Munster, saints of

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Ailerán [Aileranus Sapiens] (d. 665), scholar, usually called ‘the Wise’ (Aileranus Sapiens), was a teacher in the monastery of Clonard, Meath, and wrote at least two works to assist students in interpreting the gospels. Apart from his being a monk and teacher in ...

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Alchfrith [Ealhfrith] (fl. c. 655–c. 665), sub-king of Deira, was the son of Oswiu, king of Northumbria (d. 670), and of Rhiainfellt, granddaughter of Rhun, king of Rheged. He became sub-king of the Deirans under Oswiu, c.655, after the battle of ...

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Ambrosius Aurelianus [called Emrys Wledig] (fl. 5th cent.), military leader, successfully resisted the Anglo-Saxon advance across Britain. What little specific information can be established about him and his activities derives from chapter 25 of the De excidio Britanniae by Gildas, which was the source for ...

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Asaf [St Asaf, Asaph, Asa] (supp. fl. 6th cent.), bishop, is the patron of St Asaph and the nearby Llanasa in north-east Wales. According to late medieval and early modern Welsh saints' genealogies, he was the son of Sawyl Benuchel ap Pabo Post Prydain...