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Aitken [Atkine], James (1612/13–1687), bishop of Galloway, was born in Kirkwall, Orkney, the third son of Henry Aitken, commissary and sheriff of Orkney and Shetland, and Elizabeth Buchanan. He attended Kirkwall grammar school before moving on to the University of Edinburgh, where he graduated MA on 23 July 1636. During the next two turbulent years of the covenanting revolution he completed his formal education at ...

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Alexander, William, first earl of Stirling (1577–1640), poet and politician, was born probably at Menstrie Castle in Clackmannanshire, the only son (there were four daughters) of Alexander Alexander (d. 1581) and Marion, daughter of Gilbert Graham of Gartavertane. His descent has been traced from the lords of the ...

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William Alexander, first earl of Stirling (1577–1640) by unknown artist Scottish National Portrait Gallery

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Annand, William (1633–1689), dean of Edinburgh, was born at Ayr, the son of William Annand (d. 1661×3), minister there, and his wife, Margaret Lindsay of south Leith. His father, having been assaulted by some women in Glasgow for preaching in support of the Scottish book of prayer in 1637, fled his charge even before his deposition by the ...

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Bruce, Alexander (d. 1729), lawyer, was the second son of Andrew Bruce (d. 1696) of Earlshall, Fife, and his cousin and second wife, Anna, daughter of Robert Bruce, minister of Ballingry, Fife, and Anna, daughter of George Seaton. He may have been the ...

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Buchan, Thomas (c. 1641–1724), Jacobite army officer, was the third of four sons, of the eight children of James Buchan of Auchmacoy (d. c.1659) and Margaret, daughter of Alexander Seton of Pitmedden. He was descended of a family who had been proprietors of ...

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Burnet, Alexander (1615–1684), archbishop of St Andrews, was baptized in Edinburgh on 6 August 1615, the younger of two sons of James Burnet, minister of Lauder from 1615, and his wife, Christian, daughter of George Dundas of that ilk, and kin to the ...

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Cairncross, Alexander (c. 1637–1701), archbishop of Glasgow, was the son of George Cairncross (d. 1667), a dyer burgess of the Canongate, Edinburgh, and his wife, Christian Ogilvie (d. 1668). A tradition records that from financial necessity he followed his father's trade, but he graduated MA at ...

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John Campbell, first earl of Breadalbane and Holland (1634–1717) by Sir John Baptiste de Medina Scottish National Portrait Gallery

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Campbell, John [called Iain Glas], first earl of Breadalbane and Holland (1634–1717), magnate and politician, was born on 29 May 1634 at Stronmillochan, Glenorchy, Argyll, the eldest son of Sir John Campbell of Glenorchy, fourth baronet (d. 1686), and his first wife, ...