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Aldington, Edward Godfree [Richard] (1892–1962), writer, was born on 8 July 1892 at 50 High Street, Portsmouth, the eldest among the two sons and two daughters of Albert Edward Aldington (1864–1921), bookseller and stationer, and later solicitor's clerk and amateur author, and Jessie May Godfree (1872–1954)...

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Allen, Ethan (1738–1789), revolutionary army officer and politician in America, was born on 10 January 1738 in Litchfield, Connecticut, the eldest of the seven children of Joseph Allen (1708–1755) and Mary Baker (1708–1774), farmers. The Allen family lived in what was then a frontier region of ...

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Raymond Asquith (1878–1916) by Malcolm Arbuthnot, c. 1915 Raymond Asquith

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Asquith, Raymond (1878–1916), scholar and army officer, was born on 6 November 1878 in John Street, Hampstead, the eldest of the five children of Herbert Henry Asquith (1852–1928), later prime minister and first earl of Oxford and Asquith, and his first wife, Helen (...

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Caesar [Gaius Julius Caesar] (100–44 bc), politician, author, and military commander, was born on 13 Quinctilis (July) 100 bc, probably at Rome, the son of Gaius Julius Caesar, a patrician of old but recently undistinguished family whose brother-in-law was Gaius Marius, and Aurelia...

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Calgacus [Galgacus] (fl. c. ad 83/4), chieftain in Caledonia, was the British war leader whom Tacitus represents as exhorting the confederate host which opposed a Roman army under Cn. Julius Agricola at the battle of 'Mons Graupius'. The site of this conflict, in which upwards of (reportedly) 30,000 native troops united to defend ...

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Edward Marcus Despard (1751–1803) by John Chapman, pubd 1804 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Despard, Edward Marcus (1751–1803), army officer and revolutionary, was born into a military family in Queen's county, Ireland, on 6 March 1751; the youngest of six sons of William Despard and his wife, Jane. John Despard (1743/4–1829) was his brother. He joined the army as an ensign in 1766 and was promoted lieutenant in 1772, while stationed in ...

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Robert von Ranke Graves (1895–1985) by John Aldridge, 1968 © National Portrait Gallery, London

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Graves, Robert von Ranke (1895–1985), poet and novelist, was born on 24 July 1895 at Red Branch House, Lauriston Road, Wimbledon, Surrey, the third of the five children of Alfred Perceval Graves (1846–1931), poet and educationist, and his second wife, Amalie Elizabeth Sophie (Amy; 1857–1951)...